The Internet Timeline of China 1997~2000
    2009-03-19 14:24:44      Web Editor: Hu Weiwei
The Internet Timeline of China 1997~2000

56. On January 1, 1997, People's Daily Online (directed by People's Daily) connected to the Internet. This is the first key news website of central government.

57. In February 1997, the Info-Highway Network began its operation. In three months, it achieved the connection of eight cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Fuzhou, Shenzhen, Xi'an, Shenyang and Haerbin. It became the earliest and largest private ISP/ ICP.

58. From April 18 to 21, 1997, The State Council held National Informatization Workshop in Shenzhen and finalized the definition, elements, guidelines, working principles, objectives and chief missions of the national informatization mechanism. The workshop also approved "the 9th five-year planning" and "2000 long-range objective". Chinese Internet project was listed on the construction agenda of the State Information Infrastructure. The workshop also proposed to set up national network information center and Internet exchange center.

59. On May 20, 1997, the State Council promulgated "the State Council's Decision on Revising the Provisional Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Managing Computer Internet Information Networks". It amended "the Provisional Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Managing Computer Internet Information Networks".

60. On May 30, 1997, the Informatization Leading Group Office of the State Council issued "Interim Policies on the Administration of Internet Domain Names in China". It then accredited CAS as the institute for founding and administering China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC), while gave the authorization to the center of CERNET for managing "" through a contract with CNNIC.

61. On May 31, 1997, Beijing University of Chemical Technology cut off the satellite leased line and connected to the China Education and Research Network (CERNET).

62. On June 3, 1997, entrusted by the Office of Informatization Promotion Leading Group of State Council, CAS set up China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in its Computer Network Information Center. CNNIC operates as the national Internet information center. On the same day, the Office of Informatization Promotion Leading Group of State Council announced the formation of CNNIC Steering Committee.

63. In October 1997, China's first national Internet backbone (ChinaNet) realized the connection with other three backbone networks -- China Science and Technology Network (CSTNET), China Education and Research Network (CERNET) and China Golden Bridge Network (CHINAGBN).

64. In November 1997, CNNIC published the first "Statistical Report on Internet Development in China". By October 31, 1997, there were 299,000 computer hosts and 620,000 Internet users in China; 4,066 domain names were registered under .CN. China had about 1,500 WWW web sites and 25.408M of the international bandwidth.

65. On December 30, 1997, the Ministry of Public Security issued the State Council approved "The Management of the Security of International Computer Network Information Networking".

66. On March 6, 1998, the Informatization Steering Group of the State Council issued "Implementing Rules for Interim Regulations of the People's Republic of China on the Management of International Computer Information Networking". The rules went into effect as of the date of promulgation.

67. In March of 1998, the first meeting of the 9th National People's Congress gave approval of the establishment of the Ministry of Information Industry (MII). The major task for MII is to administrate the national manufacturing of IT products, national communication and software industries, facilitating the informatization of the national economy and social services.

68. In May 1998, the project of constructing China Great Wall Network was approved by central government.

69. In June 1998, CERNET formally participated in the trail network of the next generation IP (IPv6) - 6BONE.

70. In July 1998, China Information Technology Security Certification Center (CNITSEC) initiated its trial operation after obtaining the acceptance of the Informatization Leading Group office of the State Council.

71. In July 1998, CHINANET launched the second-phase project of its backbone network construction. This would expand the backbone bandwidth in its major 8 regions into 155M; all the node routers in these regions will be upgraded to kilo-mega bit routers.

72. In August 1998, the Ministry of Public Security officially formed the Public Information Network Security Supervision Bureau. It takes the responsibility of maintaining computer network securities, striking against crime in cyberspace, supervising the security protection of computer information systems.

73. On January 22, 1999, leaded by China Telecom and the Economic Information Center of the State Economic and Trade Commission, over 40 relevant government departments (offices and bureaus) hosted the Conference for Launching the E-Government Project of P.R. China in Beijing., the primary website of the project initiated its trial operation.

74. In January 1999, CNNIC published "the Third Statistic Report on the Development of Internet in China". By December 31, 1998, there were 747,000 computer hosts and 2.1 million Internet users in China; 18,396 domain names were registered under .CN. China had about 5,300 WWW web sites and 143.256Mbit/s of international bandwidth.

75. In January 1999, CERNET opened all its satellite backbone networks, which enormously increased the transmission speed. In the same month, China Science and Technology Network (CSTNET) launched two sets of satellite systems, which replaced IP/X.25, and connected with more than 40 cities all over the country.

76. On February 3, 1999, "the Certification System of Electronic Business Information Security" - one of the Key Technological R&D Programs of China's 9th five-year planning (powered by China International E-Commerce Center) passed the technical achievement appraisal by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the National Pass-code Administrative Commission. It also obtained the license for selling information security products from relevant departments, and became the first purely self-developed and copyright self-owned CA security certification system for E-commerce. This system was successful in administrating the quota licenses of domestic textile.

77. In February 1999, China National Information Security Testing Evaluation & Certification Center (CNISTEC) was established.

78. On April 15, 1999, 23 influential presses of domestic websites gathered together for the first time to discuss the development of the press media of Chinese websites. "Chinese Journalistic Circles Network Media Joint Pledge" was approved in principle. The participants called on the recognition and protection of the information property on the Internet.

79. In May 1999, CCERT (CERNET Computer Emergency Response Team) was formed in the Network Engineering Research Center of Tsinghua University. It is the first organization for dealing with network emergencies in China.

80. On July 12, 1999, ChinaNet went public on Nasdaq. This is the first Chinese conceptual stock of network company in Nasdaq.

81. In August 1999, over 200 colleges in 6 provinces used "All-China College Students Recruiting System" on CERNET, and achieved the first success.

82. On September 6, 1999, China International Electronic Commerce Exhibition (E-COMMERCE Expo'99) was held in Beijing. The exhibition was hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation and the Ministry of Information Industry (MII). For the first time, Chinese government hosted an E-commerce exhibition, and for the first time, China held such a fruitful conference that demonstrated so many E-business technologies and applicable resolutions.

83. In September 1999, China Merchants Bank took the lead in providing the online banking service called "All in One Net", establishing the online service system that was composed mainly by enterprise/individual oriented bank, online payment, online negotiable securities and online shopping. Approved by the People's Bank of China on conducting personal banking business, China Merchants Bank became the first online commercial bank in China.

84. In October 1999, Mr. Wu Jianping, a professor of Tsinghua University was nominated the member of Address Supporting Organization (ASO) of the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

85. On November 2, 1999, Mr. Chen Yin, the deputy director general of Telecom Administrative Bureau of MII attended ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) Meeting.

86. On December 23, 1999, the State Informatization Steering Group came into existence, Wu Bangguo, the Vise Premier of the State Council chaired the group. The former State Office of Informatization was renamed the State Office of Informatization Promotion.

87. On January 1, 2000, "Regulations for the Protection of National Computer Networks" was promulgated by National Administration for the Protection of State Secrets, and was put into force on the same day.

88. On January 17, 2000, the Ministry of Information Industry (MII) approved "China International Economy and Trade Net" (CIETNet) project which would be conducted by China International E-Commerce Center.

89. On January 18, 2000, China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) published the fifth "Statistical Report on Internet Development in China". By the end of December 31, 1999, there were 3.5 million computer hosts and 8.9 million Internet users in China. 48695 names were registered under .CN, and China had about 15153 WWW websites and 351Mbit/s of the international bandwidth.

90. On January 18, 2000, accredited by MII, China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) launched the trial system of Chinese domain name.

91. On March 30, 2000, a national Internet exchange center started operation in Beijing, which increased the inter-connection bandwidth of domestic backbone networks from less than 10Mbit/s to 100Mbit/s.

92. On March 30, 2000, China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) issued "the Interim Measures for the Administration of Online Stock Commission".

93. On May 17, 2000, China Mobile Network (CMNET) was put into operation. On the same day, China Mobile Co. formally initiated the "Global link WAP" Service.

94. On May 20, 2000, Chinese Domain Name Consortium (CDNC) was founded in Beijing. It takes the responsibility of harmonizing and regulating the development of Chinese domain name at a nongovernmental level.

95. On June 21, 2000, China Electronic Commerce Association was formally established. It aimed at strengthening the cooperation and communication among China and overseas in the field of E-commerce.

96. On July 1, 2000, being authorized by the State Council, the State Development Planning Commission designated sole network media that was entitled to publish government bidding announcement.

97. On July 7, 2000, directed by the State Economic and Trade Commission and MII, China Telecom Group and the State Economic and the Economic Information Center of the Trade Commission jointly launched "the project of enterprise accessing the Internet".

98. On July 18, 2000, Qian Hualin, the research fellow of the Computer Network Information Center, CAS, was elected the chair of Asia-Pacific Top Level Domains (APTLD) and won all the ballots.

99. On July 19, 2000, China Unicom Public Computer Internet (UNINET) was officially opened.

100. In July 2000, Dr. Gao Lulin, the former director general of the State Information Property Bureau participated in the ICANN at-large board election. He was nominated as one of the candidates on August 1.

101. On August 21, 2000, World Computer Congress 2000 was held in Beijing International Conference Center. President Jiang Zemin gave an important lecture in the conference, he stressed the necessity of setting up the Internet pact, and also called on people to strengthen the administration of information security, and make full use of the Internet.

102. On September 25, 2000, the State Council issued "The Telecommunication Regulation of the People's Republic of China". This is the first integrated regulation for administering the industry of telecommunication in China, which marked the development of China's telecommunication industry had marched into the legal system track. On the same day, the State Council implemented "Rules for Administering the Internet Information Services".

103. In September 2000, Tsinghua University finished constructing DRAGONTAP, the first domestic exchange center of the next generation Internet. Through DRAGONTAP, the three domestic backbone networks (CERNET, CSTNET, and NSFCNET) were connected to STARTAP, an American exchange center of the next generation Internet located in Chicago, and an exchange center of Asia Pacific Advanced Network (APAN) in Tokyo, Japan. The connecting speed of the two lines was 10Mbps. The project built up the connection of many scientific networks such as Abilene, vBNS and CA*net3l, it also achieved the connection of the next generation Internet through out the world.

104. In September 2000, CERNIC, the information service center of CERNET took the lead in providing IPv6 assignment service in China.

105. On October 11, 2000, the 5th Plenary Session of the 15th Central Committee of Communist Party of China made a momentous decision in achieving the informatization. The plenary meeting reviewed and approved "Suggestions on Programming the 10th five-year plan on National Economy and Social Development by the Central Committee of Communist Party of China", which indicated "the promotion of national economy and social informatization is a strategic action which would be adopted along with achieving the modernization of socialism. Drive industrialization through informatization, make better use of their advantages as late starters and attain progress on social productivity by leaps and bounds.

106. On November 1, 2000, China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) published "Trial Measures for the Administration of the Registration of Chinese Domain Names" and "Trial Dispute Resolution Policy of Chinese Domain Names". CNNIC also entrusted the Chinese domain name dispute resolution institution to China International Economy and Trade Arbitration Center (CIETAC).

107. On November 6, 2000, the State Council News Office, the Ministry of Information Industry (MII) issued "Interim Regulations for the Administration of Publishing News Materials on Websites".

108. On November 6, 2000, the Ministry of Information Industry (MII) issued "Regulations for the Administration of the Internet Electronic Bulletin Services".

109. On November 7, 2000, the Ministry of Information Industry (MII) issued "Announcement on Administering Chinese Domain Names". In this document, MII standardized the registration services and administrations of Chinese domain names, and specifically accredited the Chinese domain name registry to CNNIC.

110. On November 7, 2000, China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) upgraded the Chinese Domain Name system, and initiated the registration services of Chinese domain names under ".CN", ".China (in Chinese)", ".Corporation (in Chinese)" and ".Network (in Chinese)".

111. On November 10, 2000, China Mobile presented "Monternet Program". By this means, it intended to found an open, cooperative and mutual beneficial chain of industrial value.

112. On December 7, 2000, initiated by the Ministry of Culture, the Central Committee of Communist Youth League, the State Administration of Radio Film and Television, National Students' Federation, the State Office of Informatization Promotion, Guangming Daily, China Telecom and China Mobile, "the Internet Manners and Culture Project" was launched in Beijing. "Civilized website accessing, civilized network establishment and civilized Internet environment" was the theme of the project.

113. On December 12, 2000, People's Daily, XinhuaNet, ChinaNet, CCTV International Website, International Online Website, China Daily and CYCNET obtained the approval form the State Council News Office for press publication, and became the preliminary group of press websites that obtained official authorization.

114. On December 28, 2000, members of the Standing Committee of the 9th National People's Congress voted and approved "the Standing Committee of CPC's Decision on Protecting the Internet Security" on their 19th session.


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