Overview of China's Industrial Structure

Industrial structure or mix refers to the ratio of the production elements in industrial sectors and their mutually-complementary and mutually-restricted relations. It mainly refers to the ratios between agriculture, industry and service as well as relations and ratios among other sectors.

Since the founding of new China in 1949, China's industrial mix has experienced three development phases. In the first phase from the 1950s to the 1970s, China quickly changed the semi-colonial economy and established a preliminary industrialization base. During the second phase from 1979 to the early 1990s, China had implemented reform and opening up policies and constantly readjusted the industrial mix. China then entered the mid-term stage of industrialization. The third phase started from the early 1990s. China put forward the policy of building a socialist market economy and set up the goal of realizing industrialization by 2020 and establishing a preliminary nformation society.

Over the past 50 years, the ratio among the three industries has changed substantially. From the 1950s to 2002, agriculture decreased from 45.4% to 14.5%, industry increased from 34.4% to 51.8% and the service industry increased from 20.2% to 33.7%.