China and the UN

In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. The United Nations officially came into existence on October 24, 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and by a majority of other signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on October 24 each year.


The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter, are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends. By September 2002, there were 191 member countries of the world body, including 49 founding nations. The UN headquarters was set up in New York. It has offices in Geneva, Switzerland, Vienna, Austria, Nairobi, Kenya and Bangkok, Thailand.


China, a huge developing country, is one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. China always upholds UN principles and supports justice in international affairs and has an important and special status in the UN and the world. Nowadays, the international community has focused on the UN's role in promoting the establishment of a new international political and economic order that is just and rational. China seeks to maintain peace, facilitate development and establish a new international political and economic order. China also underscores the coordination and cooperation among the five permanent members of the UN Security Council in favor of world peace and development.