Sino-Russian Relations 

On October 2nd, 1949, China established diplomatic ties with the USSR. In August, 1991, the USSR fell apart. On December 27 that year, Russia and China signed a meeting summary, which meant that diplomatic relations between China and the former Soviet Union came to an end. In 2001, the Sino-Russian strategic cooperative partnership reached a new high. The two sides deepened mutual trust politically and witnessed close high-level contacts.


President Jiang Zemin and Russian President Vladimir Putin held talks three times and had six telephone conversations that year. The Sino-Russian Good Neighborly Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation signed by leaders of the two countries in 2001 and the joint statement issued by President Jiang Zemin and President Putin have affirmed the peaceful thought between the two countries and the two countries' people in form of law.


From May 26 to 28, 2003, President Hu Jintao paid a state visit to Russia.


In recent years, bilateral economic ties and technological cooperation have grown increasingly close. Bilateral exchanges and cooperation have become more and more frequent in terms of culture, science and technology and education, and cultural and arts groups of the two countries, such as the China National Chorus and the Moscow Classical Ballet Company, have made frequent exchanges.


On boundary issues, China and Russia share a 4,370 km frontier. The two sides have boundary disputes left over from history. The two countries have negotiated on this issue for many years on the basis of bilateral treaties and the universally acknowledged criteria of international law, as well as in line with the spirit of equal consultation and mutual understanding.


In a historic decision, China and Russia, on October 14, 2004, resolved the last of their decades-old boundary disputes with Chinese President Hu Jintao, and Russian President Vladimir Putin, finalizing the delimitation of their 4,370 km-long eastern border and inking a series of key agreements to boost trade. The Chinese and Russian sides inked a series of accords including an additional agreement on the eastern stretch of Russia-Chinese border which was not resolved previously. The disputed area was in the region of Heixiazi Island and Abagaitu Islet in the eastern section of the Sino-Russian boundary line.