Acupuncture is an important part of Chinese medicine. It was initially invented as a technique of medical treatment and gradually became a science. The science of acupuncture aims to record down the technique, the regulation of clinic and its basic theory.

Acupuncture has a long history. In ancient books, the tool for acupuncture was recorded as something made of stone. Such tool appeared at about 8,000 to 4,000 years ago, which was the later part of the clan society. In archeological excavation, needles made of stone were once uncovered. In Spring and Autumn period (770 B.C.- 476 B.C.), medicine shifted away from sorcery and there were some doctors. In the book, Chun Qiu Zuo Shi Zhuan, Doctor Yi Huan mentioned about acupuncture and moxibustion when treating disease for Duke Jing.

In the Warring and West Han period (476 B.C.- 25 A.D.), there were more and more needles made of metal with the development of the iron-smelting technique at that time. The needle made of metal could reach the part of the body which the needle made of stone could not do, thus further improving acupuncture. Then in the East Han and Three Kingdom period, there appeared many doctors good at acupuncture. The book, Zhen Jiu Jia Yi Jing, written by Huang Pu Mi was the first book which discussed acupuncture systematically. More and more books on acupuncture were written in the Jin and South and North period (256 A.D.- 589 A.D.). when acupuncture was introduced to Korea and Japan.

In the Sui and Tang period (581 A.D.- 907 A.D.), acupuncture became a specialized subject. In the medical educational institutions, it was set up as a major. In the 16th century, acupuncture was introduced to Europe yet it experienced a set back in the Qing dynasty when it was not highly regarded.

After 1949, acupuncture has seen great progress. Currently acupuncture sections were set up in all Chinese Medicine hospitals which now reach the number of 2,000 all over China. It now can be applied to different systems inside the human body. And much valuable information have been obtained in the study of acupuncture, in its regulative function, in easing pain, in developing the immunity system, an in the study of human channels, acupoint and internal organs.