Zibo in east China's Shandong province is an important producing area for porcelain. "Fish" in Chinese has the same pronunciation as "surplus", therefore the pattern of fish is often seen on porcelain as a sign of being wealthy. The blue and white porcelain is often made simple and unadorned which can hold a large capacity. The pattern is hand made but the modeling, drawing, glazed coloring are different when made by different craftsmen.

At early stage, the pattern of fish is made meticulously and fish scales are drawn neatly. Later, the pattern is drawn more at will and uninhibited. In the picture, the back of the fish is drawn with one stroke. The whole pattern is generous and magnanimous.

In ancient China, porcelain pillows were often used as summer pillows. Some were given as dowry while others were given as a gift or to be used to ward off the evils. In Tang and Song Dynasties (7 A.D.- 13 A.D.), the pillow was glazed in different ways.

In ancient China, porcelain pillows were often used as summer pillows. Some were given as dowry while others were given as a gift or to be used to ward off the evils. In Tang and Song Dynasties (7 A.D.- 13 A.D.), the pillow was glazed in different ways.

The cat pillow in the picture is simply decorated with a focus on its head. It is often seen in Hebei or Shandong province.

The pottery statue in the picture manifests the pottery artistic style in Central China's Anhui province. It depicts opera story. In the picture, there are one civilian officer and one military officer drawn on the pottery statue. The civilian officer looks mild with a fan in hand. The military officer, with a sword at back, looks excited and impassioned. The two people both wears clothes of the opera. The pottery appears to be roughly made, which is a different style from court porcelain kiln that is complex and delicate.

Blue and white porcelains were quite popular in the Yuan Dynasty (1206 A.D.- 1368 A.D.) when there were many court porcelain kiln and folk kiln existing.

The blue and white porcelains produced by folk kiln could be seen everywhere and the total production exceeded that of the court kiln. There were various styles, rough or delicate. The officials and the wealthy purchased the excellent artistic pottery while the ordinary people purchased the low-grade ones.

The blue and white porcelain produced by folk kiln was vivid, simple and unadorned. The subjects chosen covered a wide range of topics, social customs, legendary stories, landscape, animals, vegetables, poems, signs, etc. Some of them were chosen as decoration to the pottery. The modeling of the porcelain bowl in the picture is simple. There is a line of decoration on the surface of the bowl with patterns drawn on both sides. The bottom of the bowl is thick which can prevent heat and helps stand steadily. There is decoration in the middle, which focuses on the movement and expression. 

Many foreigners come to know of Shandong Province in the north China through its famous Taishan Mountain and Weifang Kites. What they don't realize at first is that it is also home to famous pottery and porcelain. Located in the center of the province, Zibo has long been known as the City of Porcelain in north China.

Local craftsmen excel at porcelain engraving and pottery. They can make pottery dinnerware that includes dinner plates, cups, mugs, jars, and basins. The picture shows a common pottery jar in Qimeng area of Shandong.

The blue and white porcelain teapot in the picture has a folk style regards to its shape and drawing. There are places to hold the handles and the mouth of the teapot is stylish and interesting. There are some simple geometric patterns on the neck of the teapot. On the surface of the teapot is a picture of the kylin, an auspicious legendary animal with a horn and scales all over. The person in the picture is simple and unaffected. People use big strokes instead of detailing to draw the picture. The description and the way it makes give people a feeling of cordiality.

Glazed porcelain has many advantages. It is watertight and hermetic and gives a clear and pleasant sound when striking. Since small crackles are removed, it feels smooth and easy to wash.

The wine bottle in the picture, which has a capacity of 2.5 kilograms, is black glazed. The small mouth of the bottle prevents spilling. It has two loops so that it can be hung on the wall. The shape of the bottle is tall and straight. It is steady and sedate.

The Chinese characters on the bottle are powerful and straight, soft outside but hard inside. The modeling, glazing and characters are simple, unadorned and has cohesion of writing.

In Chinese history, folk kilns influenced and add nutrition to the Guan kilns. The wine jar in the picture is a typical "Yu Hu Chun Ping ", probably produced in Cizhou in Hebei province. The mould-making originated in the Song and Yuan dynasty (10th-14th Century) and continued to produce in the Ming and Qing Dynasty (14th-19th Century). This drinking vessel was loved to be seen and heard by people of all dynasties.

"Yu Hu Chun Ping " has simple mould-making. The mouth of the jar smoothed out a little bit. Its neck appears agile. The rounded bottom has a strength of tension. The foundation is tiny and firm. It gives people an impression that deduction one bit would be too emaciated and addition one bit would be too fat. The entrance is for pouring wine. It is glazed all over without decoration.

The pattern of dragonlike monopode in ancient legends often appeared on the copper ware in the Shang Dynasty (1600 B.C.- 1046 B.C.). In the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty (13th Century- 19th Century), this kind of pattern often appeared on many of the plates.

The porcelain plate of dragonlike monopode in the picture is white with blue colored decorative patterns on it. There are also patterns on the mouth and bottom of the plate with a pattern of dragonlike in the center. Two others circled around the plate with the rest of the plate filled with the pattern of grass.