Chinese Beds 

Beds can be classified into three main types : daybed (ta), luohan bed (luohanchuang), and canopy bed (jiazichuang), in an increasing level of complexity and formality.

Daybed has no rails and side panels, it is almost exactly like a stool or kang table except for a much larger size.

Luohan beds have back and side railings, with the back rail usually slightly higher. Some rails are made with solid boards, while a lot more are made of open lattice work. A small number are made with frames and floating panels. Luohan beds are also daybeds in nowadays classification.

This luohan bed, made of a kind of hard wood, looks steady and elegant. During the Ming dynasty, Luohan bed, with moderate size and easy to move around, was usually placed in study room or bedroom for relaxation.

Canopy beds have a top frame, usually in lattice work or carved panels, supported by four posts or six posts. The six posted version have the extra two posts placed at the front side, thus allowing an extra two small panels be set up. One form of canopy bed is even made into a complex within which a small raised wooden platform be made stretching from front to the back, with the portion in the front making space for small tables or chairs. With drapes hanging down from the top frame, the enclosure is akin to a private living area.

Underside of the beds are usually left open, though at recent times drawers may be added for a more economic use of space.