State Council and State Departments
State Council and State Departments

State Council

The State Council, or the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China, is the executive body of the highest organ of state power and administration. It exercises the laws and resolutions approved by the NPC and its Standing Committee and is also responsible for reporting the government's work. The state council has the power to implement and issue administrative measures, regulations, decisions and orders within its duties.

The State Council is comprised of a premier, vice-premiers, state councilors, ministers in charge of ministries and commissions, the auditor-general and the secretary-general.

At present, the State Council is made up of 28 ministries, commissions and departments. They are Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense, State Development Planning Commission, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense, State Commission of Ethnic Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of State Security, Ministry of Supervision, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Personnel, Ministry of Labour and Social Security, Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Construction, Ministry of Information Industry, Ministry of Water Conservancy, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation, State Family Planning Commission, People's Bank of China and National Auditing Office.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the department responsible for implementing the country's foreign policies and diplomacy. Its major responsibility is representing the country and government in foreign affairs. The Ministry's duties include publishing the country's foreign policies and decisions, announcing diplomatic documents and statements, developing and working with foreign contacts, negotiations, signing treaties and agreements, participating in international activities such as those by the organizations of UN and between governments, opening embassies, consulate, and related representative organization overseas and manage the overseas personnel; guiding and organizing the foreign diplomatic activities between the foreign offices in State Council's departments and offices in provincial, regional and municipal governments; and training and managing the staff of foreign affairs.

State Development Planning Commission

The main duties and functions for the State Development Planning Commission include developing and implementing the nation's economic and social development strategy, mid-term, long term, and annual planning; researching and analyzing economic conditions and development at home and abroad; proposing the macro adjustment policy; planning key projects and productivity; arranging the state capital for construction, guiding and supervising the use of the overseas and governmental loans for construction; guiding the social capital to invest on fixed assets; advising on strategic goals and policies to utilize the foreign capital and investment; arranging the state-sponsored and big loan projects; foreign investment; overseas resource exploration; developing national social development and economic regulations; economic reform; and participation in law making and implementation.

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation

The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation was established in March 2003. It's main duties and responsibilities include developing strategies, principles, and policies for domestic and foreign trade and international economic cooperation; drafting the laws and regulations for domestic and foreign trade; international economic cooperation and foreign investment; drafting plans for domestic trade development; providing advice on circulation system reform; promoting the development of city and township markets; regulating markets; circulation order and market monopoly; building a unified, open, competitive, and orderly market system; supervising and analyzing the market while monitoring the supply and demand of the commodities; managing the circulation for key production materials; developing regulations and categories for import and export goods; organizing the planning of import and export quotas and issuing quota licenses; developing and implementing the import and export goods bidding policies; organizing the anti-dumping and anti-compensation protection measures and other related regulations on import and export trade fairness; setting up the warning system for fair import and export trade; guiding the appeals process on overseas anti-dumping and anti-compensation rulings on China's export goods; and industry protection measures.