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2006-03-20 11:11:13

With a history stretching over 2,300 years, Chengdu is one of the famous 24 cultural and historical cities in China. Chengdu is the commercial center of Sichuan. The city is also known for its handicrafts, tea culture and Sichuan Opera.

Early in the 4th century BC, the king of ancient Shu, moved the capital from Guangdu Fanxiang (now called Shuangliu) to Chengdu. A town was built in this area in the first year and the capital in the second year, so the city was named as Chengdu, which means "became a capital" in Chinese.

Click on the picture to learn more about Chengdu

In 311 B.C, people of Qin Dynasty (221 BC-208 BC) built a protective wall around Chengdu city according to the construction standard practiced in Xianyang, the Qin Dynasty capital. Thus, a 3.5 meter high wall was erected, with a perimeter of 6 kilometers, marking the beginning of Chengdu City.

During the Western Han Dynasty (206 - 25 BC) the city was known as Brocade City for its then-thriving silk brocade industry.
After the collapse of the Han dynasty in 220 AD and the disintegration of imperial control, Chengdu became the capital of the kingdom of Shu.

During the Wudai Dynasty (907 - 960), the top of the city wall was extensively planted with hibiscus flowers and at the time, the city was frequently referred to as Hibiscus City - a name by which it is stilled called today. At this time the merchants of Chengdu became the first in the world to use paper money.

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