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2017-10-02 NEWS Plus Special English
   2017-09-26 14:30:27    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Du Lijun

This is Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. Here is the news.
With the Communist Party of China National Congress approaching, politicians worldwide say they are observing "with great interest and high expectation" the political and policy outcome of the event, which begins on Oct 18.
Politicians, scholars and opinion leaders from Europe, the United State and Asia have expressed their predictions in interviews with China Daily before the once-in-five-year congress begins.
A new party central committee and a new central commission for discipline inspection are expected to be elected by 2,300 delegates nationwide. The delegates were selected to represent China's 88 million party members.
In reviewing China's progress, the foreigners concluded that China has started to take center stage globally and they look forward to seeing how China will deliver more positive solutions to global issues.
Former Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta said his view is that Chinese President Xi Jinping has given a positive surprise to the world in the past five years and surely China has started to take centrer stage.
Former Pakistani Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz also has praised for the outcome of President Xi's work during the past five years, calling him "a peace-loving man and a world-class leader".
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China says the European Union's recent decisions on tariffs on Chinese solar panels were a positive step towards market normalization, and it hopes that the EU will completely scrap such measures.
The European Union issued its final announcement that it will limit China's solar panel exports by setting a minimum import price. The regulation is scheduled to be implemented from Oct 1, and the minimum import price will be set step-by-step.
The European Union first imposed tariffs on Chinese solar products, which make up one-third of sales in the European Union in 2013, and these were allegedly retailing at below production costs. It extended the trade measures to the end of 2015.
However, appeals for fewer restrictions among member countries have been on the rise in Europe, with hundreds of companies and environmental organizations asking the commission to scrap the measures.
Industry insiders said that the development of clean energy in Europe has been impeded due to the tariffs and the setting of a minimum import price, and called for the commission to scrap the anti-dumping duties.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
Russia and China can cooperate more closely in industrial and high-tech fields, and the future of such a partnership will be rosy, that's according to the Russian Industry and Trade Minister.
The minister said Russia is always ready to develop cooperation in all areas where there is an opportunity to unite its potential.
He said he views Russia-China cooperation in industry and high technology very positively and he has formed a working group on a wide range of industries together with the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
A Russian fertilizer giant and its Chinese partners are considering joint production of a chemical at one of its plants. The Russian company is mulling the possibility of Chinese investment in the expansion of the range of its products.
Russia has also invited Chinese enterprises to participate in the creation of industrial parks for the production of value added aluminum items.
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U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson says the United States could stay in the Paris Agreement on climate change under the right conditions.
Tillerson said in an interview that under the right conditions, US President Donald Trump said he's open to finding those conditions where the country can remain engaged with others in what they all agree is a challenging issue.
Tillerson's remarks were in line with previous statements from the U.S. State Department which said that the United States is "open to re-engaging in the Paris Agreement if the United States can identify terms that are more favorable to it.
President Trump announced his decision on June 1 to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, citing concerns about the accord's threat to the U.S. economy as a main reason for the withdrawal.
Trump also said that by 2040, the cost to the economy will be close to 3 trillion U.S. dollars in lost GDP and 7 million industrial jobs.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
East China's Zhejiang University is now adopting articles from the internet into their academic evaluation.
A pilot evaluation method was rolled out on September 8 by the university, which includes outstanding online cultural achievements in the university's academic evaluation, the same as papers published in key academic journals.
Online cultural achievements will include articles, audio files, and comics trending on various platforms, having significant influence, reprinted or republished by multiple or other major media platforms.
This is the first time a Chinese university has included online cultural achievements in its academic evaluation system.
Some people say it is a great leap forward for the current academic evaluation system as it acknowledges online publishing, while others hold doubts over the academic seriousness of online articles.
Under the current evaluation criteria, Chinese scholars and students of most universities are graded on how many books they publish or papers that are published in key journals.
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Facebook is to set up an artificial intelligence research lab in Montreal, the company's first intelligence lab in Canada, and the second only outside the United States.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau attended Facebook's announcing ceremony of the lab in Montreal.
He said the new lab will underline Canada's status as a global artificial intelligence powerhouse and a leader in the economy of the future; and it will encourage other leading tech companies to set up shop there and create good, middle-class jobs for Canadians.
By next year, the lab is expected to employ a team of 20 researchers headed by a leading artificial intelligence researcher at McGill University.
The researchers will develop new ways of reinforcement learning, teaching machines the complex relationship between actions and results. They will also develop dialogue systems for machines and computers that enable them to speak with users in a natural and easily understandable way.
In addition to the lab, Facebook will invest 7 million Canadian dollars, roughly 6 million U.S. dollars, in a broader Montreal-based artificial intelligence community.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing. You can access the program on our Apple Podcast. Now the news continues.
China has achieved a major breakthrough in heavy-duty anti-corrosion coating by using modified grapheme.
The results were achieved by scientists at the Chinese Academy of Sciences through years of research and development.
Identified by the Chinese Society for Corrosion and Protection, the new coating can be used in the state grid, petrochemical engineering, and marine engineering and equipment.
It will change the monopoly by foreign products in heavy-duty anti-corrosion coating in China and protect engineering equipment in the country's tropical marine areas.
China has an anti-corrosion coating market worth 200 billion yuan, roughly 31 billion U.S. dollars, including heavy-duty coating with an average annual growth rate of more than 20 percent.
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In the first analysis of how vulnerable the world's freshwater and marine fishes are to climate change, researchers in the United States have found that sensitivity to temperature changes varied greatly between ocean-dwelling and freshwater fish.
Researchers at the University of Washington used physiological data to predict how fish species living in oceans and rivers will respond to warming water temperatures in different regions. The team reported in Nature Climate Change that marine fish in the tropics and freshwater fish at higher latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere were the most at risk when water temperatures rise.
The researchers studied years of data and relied on the fact that many fish species are biologically related and tend to share the same thermal limits. They were able to predict the breaking-point temperature for close to 3,000 species. Regional patterns then emerged when those data was paired with climate-model data predicting temperature increases under climate change.
For example, fish in the tropical oceans are already living in water that is approaching the upper range of their tolerance. They might not have much wiggle room when temperatures increase slightly. By contrast, in freshwater streams in the far north, fish are accustomed to cooler water temperatures but have much less tolerance for warming waters.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
Researchers at the University of California San Francisco have found that gut microbes may play a role in the neuro-degeneration that characterizes multiple sclerosis, or MS.
The researchers hope to understand the origins of MS and potentially lead to treatments, by identifying specific gut microbes associated with MS in human patients and showing that these microbes take part in regulating immune responses in mouse models of the disease.
MS is caused when the immune system attacks the layers of insulation that surround nerve cells. An autoimmune neurodegenerative disorder affects approximately 2.5 million people worldwide, with progressive loss of vision, weakness and tremors, as well as problems with coordination and balance,
Scientists say suspected environmental contributors to MS, including a history of smoking, diet, and environmental exposure, are hard to pin down and associate with a biological impact on patients. A growing number of studies have demonstrated that gut microbes can directly influence the function of the human immune system.
The researchers analyzed the gut micro biome composition of 71 MS patients and 71 healthy control subjects, and identified specific species of bacteria that were either more or less common in people with multiple sclerosis than the general population. They then turned to investigating how these differences might influence the immune system's attack on myelin in MS.
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A chief scientist with the world's largest radio telescope project has died at the age of 72.
As the founding father of the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope, Chinese scientist Nan Rendong had been in charge of the project since 1994, and most of the project's core members were his students.
Nan was diagnosed with lung cancer before the telescope was put into use in September 2016 in southwest China, and he continued his duties despite his illness.
The telescope was developed by Chinese scientists and is designed for the study of the universe.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing.
Ralph Lauren loves cars. And this year for the first time he presented his Fall 2017 Runway Collection in his garage in Bedford, on the outskirts of New York City, which houses some of the world's rarest cars.
As models walked around his car collection before an audience of some 300 guests, the cars' design details came to life in sculpted leather and high-gloss silk clothes, two signature materials of his new Runway Collection.
Traditional hounds-tooth and Glen plaid were re-imagined in feminine proportions. From the architectural lines of his Fall 2017 Collection to his iconic Purple Label designs, the perfectly tailored silhouette is a Ralph Lauren signature.
Lauren told Chinese media that the theme of the show is "my car show", a mix of art and cars. He said artsy cars are not only art, but technology, speedy and sexy. He said the cars that were made between 1937 and 2015 weren't just a backdrop for his new autumn collection, they were his inspiration.
He said he sees cars as moving arts. His women's collection for Fall 2017 connects the elements of the speed, style and beauty of these handcrafted vehicles with the very modern, yet timeless spirit of the clothes.
Lauren said he believes fashion has no age if it's good fashion, whether it's cars, clothes or food.
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Following its record-breaking debut weekend a couple weeks ago, American horror film "It" continues to lead North American box offices with an estimated 60 million U.S. dollars in its second weekend.
The Warner Bros. and New Line's latest film is based on renowned horror writer Stephen King's 1986 novel of the same name. It tells the story of seven children in Derry, Maine, who are terrorized by the eponymous being.
"It" has brought in a whopping 219 million U.S. dollars in box office sales after only 10 days in North American cinemas. The film also continues to break records overseas, earning 60 million U.S. dollars in 56 markets. This brings its international running cumulatively to 153 million U.S. dollars and the worldwide tally to 371 million U.S. dollars.
Analysts say the film sets a new standard for what is possible at the box office in the month of September.
Lionsgate's "American Assassin" opened in second place with an estimated 15 million U.S. dollars.
Another newcomer, Paramount's horror film "Mother!" opened in third place, with an estimated 7.5 million U.S. dollars.
That is the end of this edition of Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
That is the end of today's program. I'm Mark Griffiths in Beijing, and I hope you will join us every day, to learn English and learn about the world.



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