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2017-09-26 NEWS Plus Special English
   2017-09-22 13:05:22    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Du Lijun

This is Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. Here is the news.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has stressed proper arrangements in relocating people from poverty-stricken communities to more developed areas as a means of poverty relief.
The relocation must be targeted, safe and transparent. That's according to a written instruction from the premier to a national meeting on poverty reduction through relocation.
Li calls alleviating poverty through relocation a "key drive" in the country's poverty reduction and the supply-side structural reform, and said local authorities should ensure the quality of relocation projects and improve management over funding.
The premier also urged authorities to help those who have been relocated by boosting local industrial development and increasing their income, so as to make sure that every household will be kept out of poverty after relocation.
This year, China plans to reduce its poor population by over 10 million, including 3.4 million through relocation.
By the end of July, China had started work on over 12,000 relocation projects this year to lift people out of poverty, which will affect almost 3 million people in poverty.
China has vowed to lift all of its poor out of poverty by 2020, with relocation as one aspect of its strategy. By the end of 2016, there were some 43 million people in rural areas still living in poverty.
This is Special English.
China's civil aviation authority says it will lift its ban on the use of portable electronic devices on aircraft, and airlines will make the decision themselves.
A newly revised administrative rule that takes effect in October said airline companies will be allowed to make their own assessments of the influence of portable electronic devices.
Airline companies will decide what electronic devices can be used on their planes, and make their own rules.
Since 1999, China's aviation authority has banned the use of any portable electronic devices on the plane. It was thought the wireless signals from those could affect flight safety. But now, the government gives airlines the right to decide on their own. A civil aviation expert said the reason for the change is that the anti-interference characteristics of aircraft have been enhanced.
Many foreign airlines have long allowed passengers to use certain electronic devices during a flight's cruise phase, including phones and laptops.
Some Chinese airlines also allow laptops during the cruise phase, though they prohibit cellphones.
The civil aviation authorities also updated the physical requirements for selecting student pilots for civil aviation. The new rules took effect on Sept 10.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Finding a job in China was once a breeze for overseas graduates who returned home on the Chinese mainland. But now the situation has changed.
The advantages the returnees enjoyed in the domestic labor market have almost vanished in recent years, due to a sharp rise in the number of returned overseas students and the improving image of Chinese higher education.
A record number of almost 670,000 overseas students are forecast to return to the Chinese mainland this year. They will compete with 8 million fresh graduates from Chinese universities on the mainland.
To help boost the chances of Chinese students in Australia finding a job, the Australian embassy in China held job fairs in Beijing and Shanghai in early July targeting the group.
More than 100 companies from home and abroad took part in the job fairs, while representatives from 17 universities in Australia were also there to learn more about the job market and build relationships with local employers.
Foreign universities have been paying more attention to employment of their Chinese students, as a low employment rate will not only affect a college's enrollment, but also its ranking.
This is Special English.
China's property market continued to show signs of cooling as home prices were falling or posting slower growth in major cities amid tough control policies.
On a yearly basis, of the 70 cities surveyed in August, the pace of new home price growth slowed in 15 major cities compared with the same month of last year.
The National Bureau of Statistics said that on a month-on-month basis, new home prices fell or remained flat in 13 cities in August, down from 14 in July, but up from 10 in June.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
A new project led by Stanford Linear Accelerator Center will combine artificial intelligence with massive amounts of data and industry experience to identify places where the electric grid is vulnerable to disruption.
The project is the first to employ artificial intelligence to help the grid manage power fluctuations, resist damage and bounce back faster from storms, solar eclipses, cyber-attacks and other disruptions.
Its eventual goal is an autonomous grid that absorbs routine power fluctuations from clean energy sources like solar and wind, and quickly responds to disruptive events with minimal intervention from humans.
The project is called GRIP, for Grid Resilience and Intelligence Project. It builds on other efforts to collect massive amounts of data and use it to fine-tune grid operations. It was awarded up to 6 million U.S. dollars over three years from the U.S. Department of Energy.
The National Accelerator Laboratory at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center is a U.S. national laboratory operated by Stanford University.
The project will use both machine learning, where computers ingest large amounts of data and teach themselves how a system behaves, and artificial intelligence, which uses the knowledge the machines have acquired to solve problems.
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Hepatitis B virus treatment is confirmed an effective way to reduce liver cancer incidence.
A research team at the University of Hong Kong obtained 14-year hepatitis B treatment data in specialist out-patient clinics in Hong Kong and studied the effect of the treatment on liver cancer trends.
Researchers found that hepatitis B virus, or HBV, treatment is associated with a reduction in overall liver cancer incidence, and the effect is the most obvious among the age group of 55-64.
The liver cancer incidence is reduced by 24 percent among men who received HBV treatment in the age group of 55-64 and reduced by 9 percent among women who received the treatment in the same age group.
The researchers said this could be explained by a high treatment prescription rate and high clinic attendance rate among this age group.
The preventive effect of HBV treatment in the elderly age group, that is over 65 years old, is diminished. This might be because drug prescription rates and clinic attendance rates among the elderly population are lower.
Generally speaking, Hepatitis B can be monitored through regular check-up if the level of activity of HBV is low. If the HBV level of activity is high and elevated liver enzymes occur, HBV treatment may be considered.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. You can access the program on our Apple Podcast. Now the news continues.
A woman in east China has become an internet celebrity after donating stem cells and writing about her experience online.
The 28-year-old woman donated her stem cells in September, and recorded her experience on her Weibo microblogging account. The post has garnered over 120,000 likes and almost 40,000 reposts.
She wrote that marrow donation is a once in a lifetime experience that few people could have. She has been donating blood many times since she was a senior in high school, having donated a total of 3,200 milliliters.
In 2009, she read a leaflet on stem cell donation and learned that it is not as painful as she had thought. Later in the same year, she joined the Chinese Marrow Donor Program, and registered to become a volunteer marrow donor.
She received a call in May this year and found herself to be a match for a life-saving stem cell donation. She had her bone marrow harvested to save a 15-year-old boy with leukemia.
She made public her experience hoping that it can help promote stem cell donation in China.
There are only 2.3 million registered donators in the Chinese Marrow Donor Program, far less than what is required. The matching rate is low, with only around 6,000 successful matches nationwide up till now. Many patients died while waiting for a match.
Some volunteers or potential donators quits at the last minute, claiming fear of pain during harvesting processes or potential health implications.
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Australian researchers have received funding to undertake an in-vitro study of live brain cells in Parkinson's disease patients.
The team of the study from the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute said it was granted funding to discover new molecular targets to treat Parkinson's.
Parkinson's disease is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system which causes uncontrollable shaking and behavioral problems. 32 Australians are diagnosed with the disease every day.
One of the major issues in developing cures for the disease is a lack of access to live neurons to study the disease and test new drugs.
The team has developed a platform on which live human neurons can be developed and will use the platform to compare biological differences between neurons from Parkinson's patients and healthy subjects.
To generate the brain tissue used for the study, the team uses state-of-the-art cell biology technology to reprogram skin cells into stem cells in a petri dish.
The researchers said they had wasted too much energy and often created false hope in rushing through clinical trials that have failed; and they need to rethink their strategy. They said that developing better and more realistic human pre-clinical models is the key to increasing their chances of translational success.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
An Australian scientist will undertake a four-year study investigating the link between heart disease and dementia.
A researcher at the University of South Australia's Cognitive and Impairment Neurosciences lab will study how heart disease impacts the cognitive abilities of the elderly.
People undergoing surgery for heart disease typically had a higher risk of developing dementia due to histories of Type 2 diabetes, hypertension and obesity.
Heart surgery is an additional risk factor for cognitive decline, and they will be looking at intervention strategies to help arrest that after surgery.
The scientist said they are going to undertake experiments in Adelaide hospitals to increase older patients' cognitive function after cardiovascular surgery. They will also try to develop tools where they can identify people at a higher risk of delirium, which often accelerates dementia's onset.
Strategies to slow the onset of delirium exist but are expensive for patients so identifying those most at risk is a key step for doctors.
This is Special English.
American researchers have demonstrated that devices that run on almost zero power can transmit data across distances of up to 2.8 kilometers.
The move broke a long-time barrier and potentially enabling a vast array of interconnected devices. The long-range backscatter system may offer a solution to flexible electronics and other sensors that can't employ bulky batteries and need to operate with very low power.
The system uses reflected radio signals to transmit data at extremely low power and low cost. Using the system, it has coverage of 4,800 square feet, or 450 square meters.
It provides long-range communication with sensors that consume 1,000 times less power than existing technology capable of transmitting data over similar distances.
The system has three components: a source that emits a radio signal, sensors that encode information in reflections of that signal and an inexpensive off-the-shelf receiver that decodes the information. When the sensor is placed between the source and receiver, the system can transmit data at distances up to 475 meters.
This is the end of this edition of Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
This is the end of today's program. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing, and I hope you can join us every day, to learn English and learn about the world.


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