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2017-09-12 NEWS Plus Special English
   2017-09-08 13:25:30    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Du Lijun









This is Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. Here is the news.
Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for solidarity among emerging market and developing countries.
President Xi made the remarks when addressing a banquet for those attending the BRICS summit and the Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries. The 2017 BRICS summit was the ninth annual event, an international relations conference attended by the leaders of the five membering countries, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
The Chinese president likened the host city Xiamen in southeast China to a window of China's opening up and a hot land for innovative development. He said that with leaders from BRICS countries as well as other emerging markets and developing countries gathering there to discuss cooperation, the city will be left with a new legacy.
President Xi called the BRICS summit a success with fruitful outcomes.
This is Special English.
As millions of Chinese students went back to school on the first day of the academic year on 1st of September, primary school students received newly-edited books and a new curriculum, adjusting the educational emphasis toward different subjects.
A grade one student in northeast China found he did not have English on his curriculum like older students, but had science, which was new to grade one students.
Previously, learning Chinese and English had the same weighting, and Chinese students started English study from grade one in primary schools.
The revised curriculum followed a slew of reforms announced by China's Ministry of Education last year on the National College Entrance Exam. Universities were asked not to base their judgment of applicants solely on the exam scores of three major subjects, math, Chinese and English, but take consideration of selective classes as well as evaluations of morality, physical health, art cultivation and social practices.
Now English will not begin before third grade.
The textbooks for primary schools have added more traditional Chinese essays and poems, almost 130 in total. Students are also required to learn how to write rhyming couplets.
Some parents questioned the added emphasis on classical Chinese, which is no longer in use. Others welcomed it as a wise decision.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
China will promote cross-border green bond flows and green finance investment as part of its efforts to fulfill its commitment to ensure sustainable growth.
A top central bank official of the People's Bank of China said China will stay faithful to its green pledges through building clear roadmaps and enhancing cooperation with countries sharing similar visions as China on tackling climate change challenges.
Some efforts include launching a carbon market by the end of this year and promoting green infrastructure construction related to the Belt and Road Initiative.
China has demonstrated strong leadership in building and developing a green bond market as a key element of accelerating the transition to a green economy.
Chinese green bonds represent 2 percent of the total issuance of bonds in the domestic market, which is substantially higher than the 0.2 percent share in the global market.
Financial experts say China has great potential to keep its green pledges by attracting more foreign investors. Differences between China's green bond definitions and those in the international market may perplex investors.
Unifying the definition between different government regulators in China has been put onto China's own agenda for green development, but there is much to be done to ensure clarification across different markets.
This is Special English.
China's leading mobile and online payment service Alipay has launched its operations in Norway to boost Chinese customers' shopping experience in the Nordic country.
APay Nordic AS, a promotion and service partner of Alipay in the Nordic countries, says the adoption of Alipay services of both payment and marketing will not only enhance the experience of Chinese consumers but also help Norwegian businesses reach out to their Chinese customers.
Alipay has over 520 million users and is operated by Ant Financial, part of Alibaba Group. It is a powerful combination of payment tools, financial services and marketing platforms.
Alibaba has been launching its payment services Alipay in Europe since 2016.
Innovation Norway, a government agency responsible for promoting innovation in Norway and marketing Norway's tourism on the world market, said China has become a very important market for the Norwegian tourist industry. Chinese travelers, especially independent travelers, in Norway have been increasing rapidly in the recent years.
Last year, Alipay was first introduced to Finland and the business was highlighted by a launching ceremony of the Single's Day global online shopping festival in an arctic tourist destination in northern Finland.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Publishers at the Beijing International Book Fair say cooperation and integration are the two words which describe the event that wrapped up recently.
At the event, more than 5,000 deals were struck, an increase of 5 percent compared with the figures in 2016.
The deals covered 3,000 Chinese titles that were sold or will be co-published overseas.
The ratio of titles sold compared with titles bought was 1.6 to 1, meaning that China is now selling rights to more titles than it is buying.
The organizer says the rights of the books bought were China's development, children's books, literature, education, economics and philosophy.
Besides Western markets, the countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative are also showing a greater interest in Chinese titles.
More than 300,000 visitors attended the fair.
Last year, more than 500,000 books were published in China, and the rights to almost 10,000 Chinese titles were sold overseas. Experts say this means that Chinese publishers have more influence globally now more than ever.
At the fair, 500 books in multiple languages were exhibited at a special booth, including those by Chinese President Xi Jinping.
This is Special English.
The China Communications Construction Company is close to a deal to invest in and construct a grain handling port in Santa Catarina, the latest move to facilitate grain trade between China and Brazil.
That's according to a memorandum of understanding recently agreed between the company and Brazil's Anessa fund, the port's current controlling shareholder.
The two sides are expected to sign a purchase agreement in December. The value of the transaction and other financial terms were not disclosed.
This is the company's first investment in Brazil's grain handling port.
The project was jointly developed by the company's unit in South America and Brazil's Anessa fund. The Chinese company will take charge of the port's operations.
Located in the populous southeastern part of Brazil, the Saint Cartarina coast is home to Brazil's major grain production base. The project will also improve the logistics for grain products in southern Brazil and create a lot of job opportunities for the local people.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. You can access the program on our Apple Podcast. Now the news continues.
The world's largest and most powerful X-ray laser, European X-Ray free-electron laser, was officially inaugurated recently in northern German city of Hamburg.
The 3.4 kilometer-long laser generates extremely intense X-ray flashes to be used by researchers from all over the world, promising breakthroughs in medicine, biology, chemistry, energy, and information technology.
The flashes are produced in underground tunnels, and will allow scientists to map atomic details of viruses, film chemical reactions, and study the processes in the interior of planets.
The laser produces extremely bright and ultra-short light pulses. The facility will generate up to 27,000 pulses per second which is 200 times more than other X-ray lasers.
With the help of specialized instruments, these X-rays enable completely new insights into the atomic details and extremely fast processes of the nano world.
Scientists will also use these X-ray flashes to, for example, map the three-dimensional structure of biomolecules and other biological particles, and do so faster and with greater details than has ever been possible.
Furthermore, single snapshots of particles produced with the X-ray laser can be drawn together to create "molecular movies" to better study the progress of biochemical and chemical reactions.
This is Special English.
A research team led by University of California scientists has used a modified version of the gene-editing technique CRISPR to find enhancers, or regulatory sequences that turn on and off a gene that affects development of the immune cells known as T cells.
Each one of the human cells has the same 22,000 or so genes in its genome, but each uses different combinations of those same genes, turning them on and off, or allowing them expressed and repressed, as their role and situation demand, which determines what kind of cell, either a kidney, brain, skin and heart cell that it will become.
The new study, published online in the Nature magazine by the team of researchers, used a tool called CRISPR activation, to search for the enhancers.
With the technology, scientists can edit any gene, and observe how these changes affect cells or whole organisms.
However, sequences that code directly for proteins make up only 2 percent of the human genome. Enhancers and other regulatory DNA elements spread throughout the other 98 percent. Scientists can look for potential enhancer sequences based on how they interact with proteins that bind to DNA, but figuring out which enhancers work with which genes is much more challenging.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Selected works of the late Chinese photographer Ren Hang and a rare juxtaposition of four influential Chinese private collections of photography highlighted Photofairs' fourth edition in Shanghai last week.
The annual fair was held at the Shanghai Exhibition Center, catering to an ever-rising demand for contemporary photography and moving images in China and across Asia-Pacific.
An inaugural Spotlight section displayed 19 photos of Ren, who died in January aged 30. He was a photographer and poet who represented the best of the younger generations in contemporary Chinese art. In his short-lived career, Ren produced a body of work that explored poetic beauty and abstract features in his theme subject, nude men.
His images were last displayed at an exhibition titled Beauty without Beards at Beijing's KWM Art Center, which opened on Jan 19. Five days later, Ren committed suicide.
Photofairs' deputy director in China says the exhibition was to honor Ren's talent and introduce his work to an international audience.
The Shanghai exhibition is being curated by the KWM Art Center, showing Ren's experimental spirit that made his photos and poems insightful.
KWM's assistant director Tim Crowley said Ren was, in a way, a poet who just happened to be a great photographer.
This is Special English.
A total of 100 galleries and art institutions from home and abroad have taken part in the 20th Art Expo in Beijing, held at the China International Exhibition Center.
Around 3,000 artworks covering traditional Chinese painting, oil painting, sculpture, installation, image and craft were display and for sale at the expo.
In the intangible cultural heritage section, up to 100 Thangka paintings, created by national-level masters of the art and intangible cultural heritage inheritors, were on display, featuring a combination of traditional handicrafts and modern techniques.
The Art Expo Beijing is an annual event, aiming to promote the development of the art market by building platforms between fine work of art, galleries, collectors and investors, which leads the trend and orientation of art production.
This is the end of this edition of Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
This is the end of today's program. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing, and I hope you can join us every day, to learn English and learn about the world.

 
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