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2017-08-15 NEWS Plus Special English
   2017-08-11 14:41:56    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Du Lijun

This is Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. Here is the news.
China and the United States should enhance mutual trust and strengthen dialogue and cooperation on the basis of mutual respect.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said the friendly relations will not only benefit the two countries, but also show the world the bright future of more positive, more predictable and more sustainable relations between the two countries.
Wang made the remarks during a meeting with U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson.
Wang and Tillerson met on the sidelines of the East Asia Summit foreign ministers' meeting and a series of other meetings which are being held in the Philippine capital of Manila.
Wang said that in the past 40 years, confrontations have been avoided, and development momentum has been kept in the relations between China and the United States.
Tillerson said that for the United States and China, as the world's largest and second largest economies, to stay away from conflicts and confrontations not only benefit both countries' interests but also global peace and development.
This is Special English.
U.S. President Donald Trump has blamed the Congress for causing U.S.-Russian relationship to be at "an all-time and very dangerous low".
Trump wrote on Twitter that the country's relationship with Russia is at an all-time and very dangerous low.
Trump's comments came a day after he signed into law a sanctions bill on Russia, Iran and the North Korea, while describing the bill as "seriously flawed".
In laying out his accusation of the sanctions legislation, Trump said in a statement that the legislation "encroached on the executive branch's authority to negotiate".
Trump said in the statement that by limiting the Executive's flexibility, this bill makes it harder for the United States to strike good deals for the American people.
The bill was approved overwhelmingly earlier this month by the U.S. Congress despite the Trump administration calling on lawmakers to grant the White House "flexibility" in dealing with Russia.
In retaliation for the new sanctions legislation, Moscow had already ordered the U.S. diplomatic mission in Russia to cut its staff by 755 people.
The Russian Foreign Ministry said that Moscow was reserving the right to take further retaliatory measures in response to the sanctions bill signed by Trump.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Chinese Americans are weighing new immigration policy proposals endorsed by President Donald Trump two weeks ago that would reduce the number of people eligible for family visas and cut overall immigration by 50 percent within 10 years.
The Reforming American Immigration for Strong Employment Act would give preference to English speakers, educated immigrants, and high-wage earners by unveiling a "merit-based" system.
Many Chinese Americans, who have strong traditional family values, are concerned mostly about the bill's elimination of the prioritization of green cards for adult children and extended family of those already in the states.
Some say the bill prevents parents from uniting with their children in the United States, and that makes them more vulnerable as they already have difficulties in adapting to the adopted country.
The overwhelming majority of Asian immigrants come to the U.S. through family-based system and those who come to the country on employment-based visas often rely on the family-based system to reunite with other family members.
However the bill would cut family-based immigrant visas to 88,000 each year, compare to the 673,000 people who received green cards through the family based system during the 2015 fiscal year alone.
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Zambia's favorable natural conditions for agricultural development and China's cutting edge in capital, technology and experience present a great opportunity for the two countries to increase cooperation in the agricultural sector.
Chinese Ambassador to Zambia said there was a great possibility for the two countries to complement each other to cement cooperation in agricultural sector.
He said he believes that, with the joint efforts of China and Zambia, the agricultural cooperation between the two countries will yield more extensive and fruitful results. The ambassador made the remarks at the official opening of the China-African Agriculture Cooperation and Development Summit. The summit was organized by the China Agriculture Film and Television Center and Global Max Media Group in collaboration with the Agricultural and Commercial Society of Zambia.
The Chinese official said China will continue to encourage its enterprises to invest in Zambia's agricultural sector and urged the enterprises to seize the opportunities to work with Zambia in the sector.
The Chinese official added that a lot has been done between the two countries in the development of the agriculture sector in the southern African nation.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Nearly two tons of ivory artifacts crafted from the tusks of around 100 slaughtered elephants have been destroyed by a rock crusher in New York City's Central Park.
The event was jointly organized by the Wildlife Conservation Society and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and was designed to show New York's resolution to smash illegal ivory trade.
A U.S. official said it's a bad event from one hand, because so many elephants lost their lives for these trinkets, but on the other hand, it's a proud event for the law-enforcement success that led them to seize and prosecute the criminals involved.
The official said the most important thing is to raise public awareness, and those who purchase illegal wildlife products are responsible for killing the animals.
Illegal hunting and habitat loss are seen as the major factors in the shrinking population of elephants. The Central African forest elephant population dropped 65 percent between 2002 and 2013 as a result of poaching, and its range shrank 30 percent.
The ivory crush is one of the actions of the Wildlife Conservation Society's 96 Elephants Campaign.
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Homes with joint property rights between the government and occupiers will come on the market in Beijing to bring down property prices and meet the needs of local people without a home.
According to a document issued by the Beijing municipal government, these homes will be jointly owned by the government and the buyers, and the government will give its share of "the right of use" to the buyers.
Buyers and their families must have no homes under their names. Single people should be at least 30 years old, and one family should only apply for one home.
Priorities will be given to those who purchase the new homes in the district they are working or living in.
Five years after the purchase, owners can sell their shares based on market price, but the government or its assigned management agencies shall have a preemptive right to buy-back the homes.
Officials from the city's housing department said the new policy is designed to fend off speculation and make the housing system fairer by helping more residents live in their own homes.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. You can access the program by logging on to crienglish.com. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. Now the news continues.
New Zealand has launched an action plan to address the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance, calling for the unity of scientists, governments and international agencies.
The New Zealand Antimicrobial Resistance Action Plan will underpin the country's efforts to ensure that antimicrobials are managed carefully.
Antimicrobial resistance is where microorganisms that cause infections in humans, animals and plants become resistant to antibiotic, antiviral, anti-parasitic and antifungal medications. A key risk from increased antimicrobial resistance is that people will needlessly die from infections and diseases that medications are able to cure.
The Health Minister New Zealand said they want medicines to remain effective for treating infections in humans, as well as managing diseases in animals and plants.
The plan is focused on surveillance and monitoring activities, as well as regulatory oversight of the use of antimicrobials in animals and plants. It will also look to improve awareness and understanding of antimicrobial resistance and improve infection prevention and control.
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A new study provides strong evidence that a hazardous class of flame retardant chemicals, or PBDE, damages children's intelligence, resulting in loss of IQ points.
The study by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, goes beyond showing a strong correlation between the chemical's effect and children's intelligence by including the largest meta-analysis performed on flame retardants to date.
The authors considered factors like strength and consistency of the evidence to establish that there was "sufficient evidence" supporting the link between PBDE exposure and intelligence outcomes. They examined data from studies covering nearly 3,000 mother-child pairs, and discovered that every 10-fold increase in a mom's PBDE levels led to a drop of 3.7 IQ points in her child.
Acknowledging that a 3.7-point decrease in IQ might not sound like a lot, a lead researcher of the study noted that on a population-wide level, it means more children who need early interventions.
In addition, the researchers found some evidence of a link between PDBE exposures and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
A group of researchers at the University of Washington is investigating the idea of marine cloud brightening as a strategy to offset global warming.
As a short-term measure for a possible future emergency situation, the strategy involves spraying saltwater into clouds above oceans to boost their capacity to reflect sunlight.
In a paper published in the journal Earth's Future, the researchers say small-scale tests of marine cloud brightening would also help answer scientific questions about clouds and aerosols' possible role to help cool the planet.
One of the biggest uncertainties in climate models is the clouds, which reflect sunlight in unpredictable ways. Water droplets can only condense on airborne particles, such as smoke, salt or human pollution. When the air contains more particles, the same amount of moisture can form smaller droplets, which creates whiter, brighter, more reflective clouds.
For several years, researchers have been working with a group of engineers in the San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California, on the U.S. West Coast, to develop a nozzle that turns saltwater into tiny particles that could be sprayed high into the marine cloud layer.
Now waiting for funding from government or private donors, the researchers propose to produce a sprayer that is able to eject trillions of aerosol particles per second, conduct initial laboratory tests of the sprayer, do preliminary outdoor tests in a fairly flat coastal area relatively free of air pollution and prone to marine clouds, and then move to small-scale offshore tests.
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A giant mushroom has been discovered in southwest China's Yunnan Province.
The mushroom was found in a national park in Pu'er City. It has a circumference of 1.8 meters and weighs 8 kilograms.
The mushroom has different layers, and appeared brown, with many wrinkles. It is the biggest ever discovered in the region. Mycologists say it is not edible.
The national park is located at the transitional area from tropical to subtropical zones, and it boasts a variety of plants and wildlife.
This is the end of this edition of Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
This is the end of today's program. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing, and I hope you can join us every day, to learn English and learn about the world.


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