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2017-08-08 NEWS Plus Special English
   2017-08-04 13:59:02    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Du Lijun

This is Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. Here is the news.
International experts and scholars say China's Army Day parade has showed a firm determination of the country to safeguard peace and a peaceful environment needed for development and prosperity.
Chinese President Xi Jinping watched the military parade marking the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, which falls on Aug. 1, at the military training base in north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
During the parade, President Xi delivered a keynote speech urging further improvement of the Chinese military's combat effectiveness and modernization of China's national defense.
A principal research fellow at the Australia-China Relations Institute of the University of Technology Sydney said the president stressed in his speech the need for the army to promote fighting capabilities to win wars.
The scholar said the parade conveyed a clear message to the outside world that China is militarily prepared for any case with a resolution to safeguard peace.
Another expert, the dean of the Academy of APEC Creative Finance, an Australian think tank, believes that a military force conforming to economic strength for China serves as a guarantee for peace.
Overseas Chinese applauded the Army Day parade, believing a strong army is necessary to guarantee China's development and prosperity.
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China wants to import more goods from the United States and is seeking a more balanced trade with the country.
The Chinese Ambassador to the United States made the remarks at the 2017 annual conference of the think tank Institute for China-America Studies in Washington D.C.
Noting that China has already resumed its import of U.S. beef after 14 years' suspension as a major outcome of the 100-day economic cooperation plan, the ambassador said that the two sides are also looking at the possibility of importing a huge amount of American liquefied natural gas to China.
The 100-day plan was reached by Chinese President Xi Jinping and American President Donald Trump in April.
China also wants to import high-tech products and technologies for civilian use.
The official added that if the U.S. government could lift some of the restrictions on such trade, bilateral trade will be more balanced.
Talking about China's trade surplus with the United States, the ambassador said the real picture of China-U.S. trade is more complicated than it might look, as many of the products that China sells to the United States or vice versa have components made in other countries.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Chinese scientists have made another breakthrough in quantum communication, demonstrating long-distance free-space quantum key distribution during daylight.
In the past, long-distance free-space quantum communication experiments could only be performed at night, because sunlight, or sunlight noise, prohibits quantum communication in transmission under conditions of high channel loss over long distances.
Therefore, the world's first quantum satellite, Quantum Experiments at Space Scale launched by China in 2016, can only send photons at night, and it takes at least three days for the satellite to cover all ground stations around the Earth.
A team from the University of Science and Technology of China has overcome the sunlight noise issue and demonstrated free-space quantum key distribution over 53 kilometers during the day.
The team chose a wavelength of 1,550 nanometers and developed free-space single-mode fibre-coupling technology and ultra-low-noise up-conversion single-photon detectors to achieve the daytime distribution.
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A team of computer scientists and engineers at Stanford University are developing the infrastructure to centrally manage autonomous cars and drones.
Believing that autonomous cars and drones will be managed centrally, using applications running in large datacenters, members of the team have formed a new laboratory, called the Platform Lab, to work on infrastructure for new "Big Control" applications.
Scientists say they think all the self-driving cars and drones will be controlled not individually, but centrally, in a coordinated fashion, and this has the potential to change how society functions on a daily basis.
Most current research into autonomous vehicles assumes a distributed model, namely relatively autonomous devices, controlled in a peer-to-peer fashion with each machine doing its own calculations. The concentrated model under study in Stanford is expected to work much the way the cloud centralized big data works.
In the centralized model, the vehicle is merely a tool, or a relatively dumb device fitted with equipment by which to see the road and the skies ahead, to detect obstacles and other vehicles in the way, to provide geo-location and so forth.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
China's leading bike-sharing company Ofo has announced its expansion into Thailand.
Thailand is the fifth overseas market for Ofo, known for its signature yellow bikes, following Singapore, the United States, Britain and Kazakhstan.
A total of 6,000 bikes were put into use in the capital city of Bangkok on Aug. 1, after a successful month-long trial run was earlier completed at a local university.
A ride on an Ofo bike costs 5 baht per 30 minutes, with a deposit of 99 baht.
The bikes will be offered for free for the first three months.
Thailand has a population of nearly 70 million and traffic jams have become a big headache in cities including Bangkok and Chiang Mai. The head of Ofo's Asian-Pacific department said that by offering Thailand users a customized service, the company hopes the transport system in major Thailand cities can be improved in the near future with the shared bikes.
Ofo said it has partnered with electronic payment platform Adyen to allow overseas users access to their services. The company said it planned to enter 20 countries by the end of this year.
After huge success in the domestic market, Chinese bike-sharing companies are accelerating their steps into the global market. Earlier this month, Mobike announced entrance into Italy, its fourth overseas market following Singapore, Britain and Japan.
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Japanese automotive supplier Denso has announced to invest 76 million U.S dollars and increase more than 130 employees to its regional headquarters and a satellite office in the U.S.
The Japan-based company will spend most of the 75 million dollars over the next three years to expand its North American regional headquarters in Southfield, Michigan State.
Denso officials plan to expand and renovate the research and development facilities there and create 120 jobs.
The rest of the money, around 500,000 dollars, will be spent in Dublin of Ohio state, to renovate a 10,000-square-foot satellite office where Denso's research and development teams work on power train and infotainment technologies.
The company said this is the first in a line of investments to create the future of mobility by bringing in top talent and fostering its culture of innovation.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. You can access the program by logging on to crienglish.com. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. Now the news continues.
The Los Angeles Olympic and Paralympic bid committee has announced its candidature to host the games in 2028.
Los Angeles, the second largest city of the United States, declared its intention to host the Olympic Games in 2028 and its agreement with the Host City Contract, which is a preliminary deal with the International Olympic Committee, paving the way for the city to be awarded the 2028 Games.
The Los Angeles City Council and United States Olympic Committee Board of Directors will consider the agreement for approval in August. If approved, the IOC, LA and Paris may enter a tripartite agreement, clearing the way for IOC Membership to simultaneously confirm the Olympic Games in 2024 to Paris and the Olympic Games 2028 to Los Angeles at the next IOC session in Lima, Peru on September 13.
In a rare move, the IOC unanimously voted last Month to announce the bid winner of the 2024 and 2028 Olympic games at the same time.
The IOC officials then entered into negotiations with bid leaders from Los Angeles and Paris to determine which city will host the games in 2024 and which city must wait until 2028.
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General Motors has reported 2.4 billion U.S. dollars income in the second quarter from continuing operations, down 11 percent from a year ago.
General Motors delivered 725,000 total vehicles in the United States, driven by a 24-percent increase in retail crossover sales during the period. General Motors added that the Q2 crossover results were the best in his history.
However, GM's U.S. daily rental sales were down about 25,000 vehicles or 35 percent compared to Q2 2016. The daily rental sales were 6 percent of total vehicle sales in Q2, the lowest of any full-line automaker.
In China, GM's biggest market, its deliveries of 852,000 vehicles set a second-quarter record, up 1.6 percent compared to Q2 2016. Strong sales of Cadillac and Baojun vehicles led the way, up 62 percent and 66 percent respectively.
For the first half of 2017, GM sold a total of almost 2,343,000 vehicles globally. Its sales saw increases in South America and China, while recording declines in Europe, North America and other markets.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Two Stanford University researchers have found that adults in the United States who believed that they were less active than their peers died younger than those who believed they were more active, even if their actual activity levels were similar.
The researchers analyzed surveys from more than 60,000 adults from three national data sets, including one during which participants wore an accelerometer to measure their activity over a week. The surveys documented participants' levels of physical activity, health and personal background, among other measurements.
The two were interested in one question in particular which is "Would you say that you are physically more active, less active, or about as active as other persons your age?"
They then viewed death records from 2011, which was 21 years after the first survey was conducted.
The findings fall in line with a growing body of research suggesting that people's mindsets, in this case, beliefs about how much exercise they are getting relative to others, can play a crucial role in people's health.
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If you want to have a longer life expectancy, advice from researchers are: keep weight down, don't smoke and drink alcohol moderately.
A study from the University of Michigan shows that people of fairly normal weight who never smoked and only drank moderately at age of 50 have a life expectancy that is seven years longer than the average American.
These people can also delay disability up to six years.
The researchers used data from the university's Health and Retirement Study of Americans aged 50 and older that began in 1992, and with research sample in 1998 including nearly 15,000 respondents aged 50-74. The researchers defined the low-risk category as those who never smoked, drank moderately and had a body mass index that was less than the classification for obese.
For definition of drinking moderately, it is fewer than 14 drinks per week for men and fewer than 7 drinks per week for women.
They said it's important to convince people to improve these behaviors in order, not only to live a longer life, but also live a long life free of disability.
This is the end of this edition of Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
This is the end of today's program. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing, and I hope you can join us every day, to learn English and learn about the world.


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