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2017-07-18 NEWS Plus Special English
   2017-07-13 14:38:38    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Du Lijun

This is Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. Here is the news.
Chinese President Xi Jinping has urged efforts to unswervingly advance reform of the country's judicial system and follow the path of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics.
President Xi is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He made the remarks in a written instruction conveyed to a national conference on judicial system reform, which was held in southwest China's Guizhou Province.
The president noted that judicial system reform is important to the cause of comprehensively deepening reform, effectively implementing the rule of law, and to the country's governance system. He called on judicial and law enforcement authorities to follow the requirements of the Party Central Committee in advancing the reform.
In the document, President Xi Jinping praised the efforts of authorities in cracking on difficult issues and making achievements in the reform, noting that the progress has promoted public trust in the judiciary and safeguarded social fairness and justice.
He also stressed that rules in the judicial sector should be respected; and modern technology should be introduced in judicial reform.
He called for further efforts to advance the trial-centered reform of criminal procedures as well as reforms in the fields of public security, state security, and judicial administration.
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The European Commission has unveiled an action plan for Italy to ease escalating migratory pressure from the central Mediterranean route, including a 46 million euro-, roughly 52 million U.S. dollar-, aid project for Libya to beef up border control.
According to the plan, the Commission will mobilize funding for Italy, work on enhancing the capacity of the Libyan Coast Guard, and accelerate returns from Libya and Niger, while other EU member states should accelerate relocation from Italy.
Under the plan, Italy is required to increase its reception and detention capacity, as well as step up returns of illegal migrants.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said in a press release that the dire situation in the Mediterranean is neither a new nor a passing reality. The commission has made enormous progress over the past two and half years towards a genuine EU migration policy but the urgency of the situation now requires it to seriously accelerate their collective work and not leave Italy on its own.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
A Muslim trainee lawyer has failed with an appeal against a ruling preventing her from wearing head scarves at court.
The German Federal Constitutional Court, the most authoritative within the German judiciary, ruled that the maxims of secularism and state objectivity in judicial procedures outweighed the plaintiff's right to religious freedom.
The court said trainee lawyers who appear as representatives of the state authority and are perceived as such must also respect the state's commitment to neutrality.
Under the existing educational framework in Germany, law students must complete a two-year traineeship which places them in varying stations of the judiciary system before being able to take their final exams.
The plaintiff is a young German nationality of Moroccan origin who has been working as a trainee lawyer since January. The justice ministry of the state she was working had forbidden her to wear a headscarf during her training when being engaged in court hearings or representing the state attorney.
The Federal Constitutional Court has regarded the headscarf ban as an only temporary and location-specific infringement of religious freedom. The majority of the plaintiff's training was not affected by the ban.
Whether headscarves are permissible in public spaces such as courts and schools is a long-standing subject of debate in Germany.
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Chinese researchers issued 71,000 scientific papers that were the results of international collaboration in 2015, climbing to the third in the world.
A report by the National Center for Science and Technology Evaluation said that since 2006, China has strengthened international cooperation in science and technology. Expenditure on research and development accounted for 1.4 percent of GDP in 2006 and the ratio increased to 2 percent in 2016.
Officials said that during ten years of international cooperation in scientific research, Chinese scientific research workers have played a bigger role in highly cited research papers. In 2015, the average number of citations of Chinese papers with international partners was 1.5, higher than the global average level.
The center is a national professional sci-tech evaluation institute, affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Uber Technologies, a company offering ride-hailing services, says it has completed 5 billion trips.
The technology company said in a web posting that just a few weeks ago, on Saturday, May 20, 156 trips started simultaneously at 7:30 a.m. GMT, putting them over the 5 billion mark.
The trips happened in 24 countries on six continents, in cities including Mumbai of India, Moscow of Russia and Medellin of Columbia.
The company said "One lucky driver was on his first trip: he picked up a passenger on a motorbike in Jakarta, Indonesia. And six riders were taking their first Uber trips, as well."
The shortest trip of the bunch lasted just 2.5 blocks in San Francisco, Uber's hometown in the U.S. Headquartered in San Francisco, Uber was founded in 2009 as a startup.
Estimated to be worth about 680 billion U.S. dollars, Uber now operates in six continents, 76 countries and more than 450 cities.
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An online annotation tool, known as Lacuna, is helping students and researchers with reading, writing and fostering an exchange of ideas in fields of humanities and social sciences.
According to Stanford University, as a free online platform that encourages interdisciplinary conversations and peer-to-peer learning, Lacuna allows students and professors to discuss and annotate texts, images and other media online synchronously as well as organize and analyze those annotations.
Brian Johnsrud, co-director of Stanford's Poetic Media Lab, which is part of the university's Center for Spatial and Textual Analysis, first had the idea for Lacuna in 2012 while working on his doctorate at the school of higher learning. Johnsrud noticed that in-person discussions between students and professors are especially beneficial in humanities courses, which emphasize critical thinking and the exchange of ideas.
Developed in 2013, Lacuna was first used at Stanford. After a few years of perfecting the platform, the team licensed Lacuna as an open-source tool, allowing free access to educators all over the world. It has been used at a number of higher learning institutions including the University of California, Berkeley, Princeton University, and the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. You can access the program by logging on to crienglish.com. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. Now the news continues.
Kenya's major public broadcaster KBC has presented the last part of a documentary on the east African nation's new railway.
The documentary, "My Railway, My Story", tells the stories behind the Standard Gauge Railway linking Nairobi to the port city of Mombasa.
The final episode, titled "Roads", recounts the stories of four people related to the project, documenting the transition from construction to operation of the railway.
The Kenyan broadcaster aired the prior two parts, "Bridges" and "Stations", which focus on the 79 bridges and 33 stations along the railway, with the stories of people dedicated to its construction, during its prime time at the end of May.
The initial two parts had attracted an estimated 30 million local viewers, demonstrating its popularity in the country with a population of about 45 million.
The documentary is also available for viewing at Xinhuanet.com, China's Xinhua News Agency's website, its Facebook account, Twitter and YouTube under the unified name "New China".
The 480-kilometer line, which kicked off passenger service on June 1, is currently operating with scheduled passenger trains from Nairobi and Mombasa running on a daily basis.
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The World Meteorological Organization has warned that extremely hot day-time temperatures coupled with high night-time temperatures in this summer are a dangerous combination for human health.
This summer has been marked by heatwaves and new daily temperature records in many parts of the northern hemisphere. For instance, a city in Iran reported a temperature of almost 54 degrees Celsius on June 29.
The heatwave has spread to southeastern Europe and the Balkans, with temperatures topping 40 degrees Celsius recently, and often accompanied by violent and damaging summer storms.
Starting around June 18 and continuing over a week, scorching temperatures also hit the western United States, from Arizona to the Pacific Northwest.
In Arizona, Phoenix saw temperatures hit 48 degrees Celsius, causing multiple canceled flights out of Phoenix International Airport. The hotter the air, the less dense it is, which means less lift for airplanes as they take off.
The World Meteorological Organization warned that extremely hot day-time temperatures coupled with high night-time temperatures are a dangerous combination for human health, as the body has little time to recover from the heat. They also place major stress on agriculture, water and energy supplies as well as transportation.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Thousands of Australian smokers will be subjected to regular chest scans in an attempt to uncover cancer at the earliest possible stage.
The trial is run by the Royal Melbourne Hospital. The results will inform policy-makers on whether a national screening program for lung cancer is a viable proposition. Lung cancer kills more than 8,000 Australians every year.
People at the highest risk of developing lung cancer, mostly heavy smokers older than 55, will be included in the trial whereby they will undergo regular computer topography scans.
A chief executive of the Lung Foundation Australia said screening presented the best opportunity to reduce lung cancer deaths.
The official told Australian media that there is an urgent need and an important opportunity for the government to rapidly implement an appropriate screening program in Australia that works within its healthcare setting.
Ten thousand Australians are diagnosed with lung cancer every year. Fewer than 14 percent of them are alive five years after their diagnosis.
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A tiny monkey sleeps cuddled to a teddy bear believing it to be his mom. The monkey has amazed keepers at Britain's Bristol Zoo.
The tiny male red titi monkey's mom Bella died after giving birth, but the baby has survived against the odds thanks to round the clock care from keepers since the hour it was born.
For the past four weeks, a dedicated team of keepers have fed it day and night to keep it alive, and now the little monkey, named Pichiku, is thriving.
Bristol Zoo is believed to be the second only zoo in the country to have succeeded in hand-rearing a titi monkey to this stage.
Keepers began by carrying it home in an incubator for the first two and a half weeks and feeding him one milligram of formula baby milk every two hours.
Pichiku is now being fed every three hours and is taking up to 5 milligrams of milk. The name means little monkey in a local Peruvian dialect, one of the native countries the red titi monkeys are from.
It is still only around 12 centimeters long but is already starting to eat baby rice.
This is the end of this edition of Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
This is the end of today's program. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing, and I hope you can join us every day, to learn English and learn about the world.


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