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2017-07-11 NEWS Plus Special English
   2017-07-07 11:45:55    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Du Lijun

This is Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. Here is the news.
Chinese President Xi Jinping has said China-Russia relations are at their "best time in history", and expressed hope the Group of 20 major economies will continue their support for multilateral free trade and leadership in innovation-driven growth.
President Xi Jinping made the statement in an interview with Russian media ahead of his departure for a state visit to Russia.
The president was in Moscow on July 3 and 4, for a state visit, which is followed by one to Germany, where he attended the Hamburg summit of the G20.
The president said China and Russia have built high-level political and strategic mutual trust, noting that China and Russia have completely resolved their border issues left over from history, turning the 4,300-kilometer boundary line into a bond of friendship between the two peoples.
He said the two countries have built a high level of political and strategic trust, adding that the two nations are each other's most trustworthy strategic partners.
He said he believes the visit will lend new impetus to the growth of bilateral relations.
The Chinese president said he and Russian President Vladimir Putin both think China and Russia should deepen economic and trade cooperation so as to reinforce their interests and better benefit the two peoples.
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Iran and a consortium of Chinese and French energy giants have signed a multi-billion-dollar deal to develop a major Iranian gas field in the Persian Gulf.
The deal followed a Memorandum of Understanding signed by the National Iranian Oil Company and a consortium involving China National Petroleum Corporation, France's Total and Iran's Petropars in November 2016 to develop Iran's South Pars gas field.
At the signing ceremony, Iran's Petroleum Minister, Total's CEO and representatives of the China National Petroleum Corporation were present.
The contract for development of the gas field is worth 4.8 billion U.S. dollars. The contract will be carried out in two phases with a total period of 20 years.
At each stage, 2.4 billion U.S. dollars of foreign funds will be allocated for the project. Total will operate the oil field project with a 50.1 interest alongside the Chinese petroleum corporation with 30 percent and Petropars with 19.9 percent.
Iran expects to produce as much as 56 million cubic meters per day of natural gas from the field once it is in full swing.
The South Pars field is a natural gas condensate field located in the Persian Gulf. It is the world's largest gas field shared between Iran and Qatar.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Chinese space-monitoring ship Yuanwang-3 has completed a 27-day maritime calibration mission and has returned to a port in east China.
The ship will take part in six maritime space monitoring missions as a part of the space expeditions scheduled for the second half of the year.
The space-monitoring ship has embarked on more than 40 expeditions in the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans, sailing more than 580,000 nautical miles.
Apart from missions assigned to the ship, the Yuanwang series vessels will carry out a total of 16 maritime space monitoring missions in the latter half of this year.
China's first-generation space tracking vessels first entered service in the late 1970s, making China the fourth country to master space tracking technology after the United States, Russia and France.
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SpaceX's Dragon cargo spacecraft has returned to Earth from the International Space Station, bringing back the first Chinese experiment ever to visit the orbiting laboratory.
The unmanned spacecraft splashed down in the Pacific Ocean at 8:12 a.m. on Monday, July 3, about five hours leaving the space station. It wrapped up SpaceX's 11th contracted cargo resupply mission for the U.S. space agency NASA.
The California-based company said via Twitter" that good splashdown of Dragon confirmed, completing first re-flight of a commercial spacecraft to and from the Space Station, referring to the fact that the spaceship first flew in the SpaceX's fourth resupply mission in 2014.
Dragon is returning more than 4,100 pounds, or 1,860 kilograms, of cargo, including science samples from human and animal research, biotechnology studies, physical science investigations and educational activities.
One of the science samples was the first-ever Chinese experiment brought to the space station, which is fully commercial, under an agreement with Houston-based NanoRacks, which offers services for the commercial utilization of the orbiting laboratory.
The experiment from the Beijing Institute of Technology was aimed at studying the effects of the space radiation environment on DNA and the changes in mutation rate.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
Researchers are using the Earth-bound Gemini North telescope to provide high-resolution images to help guide the Juno spacecraft's exploration of Jupiter.
Michael Wong of the University of California, Berkeley, said these observations trace vertical flows that cannot be measured any other way, illuminating the weather, climate and general circulation of Jupiter's atmosphere. He explained his work to use a longer-wavelength filter on the telescope on Maunakea in Hawaii to look at cloud opacity on the giant planet.
Being supported by Earth-based observations, NASA's Juno spacecraft is currently looping around Jupiter.
Using adaptive optics that removes atmospheric blur, astronomers at the Gemini North telescope are revealing a treasure-trove of fascinating events in Jupiter's atmosphere. That was the remarks of Glenn Orton, the principal investigator for the Gemini adaptive optics investigation and coordinator for Earth-based observations supporting the Juno project at Caltech's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
The observations have produced a composite color infrared image of Jupiter showing haze particles over a range of altitudes.
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Artificial intelligence is the focus of an expo in north China' s Tianjin Municipality.
The first World Intelligence Congress has been held, with 16 forums and a 6,000-square-meter exhibition area displaying achievements in artificial intelligence.
Robin Li, CEO of China's online search engine Baidu, said during his speech at the expo of artificial intelligence that it could be the biggest driving force in human history in the next 30 to 50 years.
Li said that in the past 40 years, information technology drove global technological innovation and economic growth, and now artificial intelligence has become the major focus of global search engines and IT companies.
Google launched autopilot project in 2009, and Baidu established an institute on deep learning in 2013. In 2016, Amazon introduced a new kind of store with no checkout required.
Proving rising global interest in artificial intelligence, Li said that in 2016, investment in this field reached 30 billion U.S. dollars last year, while media coverage on artificial intelligence increased by 632 percent last year. He said the key to artificial intelligence is to make the complicated world simpler.
UNESCO says artificial intelligence has experienced explosive growth and it is necessary to build a knowledge society against this background.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing. You can access the program by logging on to crienglish.com. You can also find us on our Apple Podcast. Now the news continues.
The merger of Houston oil field services firm Baker Hughes with the oil and gas division of General Electric has closed, creating the second largest oil field services firm in the world.
GE acquired a majority of the Houston energy company with 23 billion U.S. dollars. The new Baker Hughes, which will have dual headquarters in Houston and London, has officially started its first chapter.
According to local media reports, the merger essentially doubles Baker Hughes' size to 70,000 employees in 120 countries, by creating the new BHGE. The new company will have four divisions: Oilfield Services, Oilfield Equipment, Digital Solutions, as well as Turbomachinery and Process Solutions.
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Antarctica is under threat of increased melting of its ice deposits, and scientists have warned that climate change is the culprit.
Scientists say ice-free areas in the southernmost continent could expand by up to 25 percent by the year 2100, resulting in a substantial shift in the existing biodiversity.
The lead scientist on the project, PhD candidate Jasmine Lee, told China's Xinhua News Agency that the impact of climate change on the ice-free areas, rather than the surrounding ice, is important to better understand the overall ecological situation in the region.
Until now, Antarctic climate change research has focused mainly on ice sheets and potential impact on global sea levels, while the effect of climate change on ice melting and native Antarctic biodiversity has been largely overlooked.
Permanently ice free areas range in size from less than one square kilometer to thousands of square kilometers and they are important breeding ground for seals and seabirds.
They are also home to small invertebrates such as springtails, and vegetation including fungi, lichen and moss, many of which occur nowhere else in the world.
You're listening to Special English. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing.
A new clinical study indicates that molecular test can pinpoint which patients will have a very low risk of death from breast cancer and that these "ultralow" risk patients could be treated less aggressively, leading to fewer toxic effects.
The medical community has focused on identifying cancer early so that it can be cured or more easily treated. While this can benefit some patients, screening also can detect cancers that are extremely low risk and not life-threatening, which could lead to patients being overtreated. The issue is compounded because breast cancer can recur many years after diagnosis.
Until now, tools that could reliably identify ultralow risk tumors at the time of diagnosis have not been available because physicians lacked the assurance that late recurrence could truly be avoided.
Detailed in a paper published in the Journal of the American Medical Association Oncology, the new study sought to determine whether a 70-gene test could accurately and reliably identify tumors with indolent, or slow-growing, behavior to assess the risk of cancer recurrence up to 20 years after diagnosis.
The same test had shown last year that nearly half of early-stage breast cancer patients, who met traditional criteria for high risk, could safely skip chemotherapy based on the biological makeup of their tumors.
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To deny food is to deny justice. Those were the remarks by Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni who told the 40th conference of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization in Rome recently.
The prime minister said only a humanity free from hunger will be able to pursue the universal values of peace, justice, equality, and will be able to conserve the planet we live on for future generations. He said that to deny food is to deny justice, equality and freedom.
Some 800 million people suffer from hunger and some two billion are malnourished. The Italian leader said Nigeria, Somalia, Yemen and others are experiencing serious food shortages, which might translate into the worst food crisis since World War II. In some areas, such as South Sudan, famine has already been declared.
He said famine and war drive people from their homelands, and the way to stop this cycle and achieve the UN's zero hunger by 2030 is transition into sustainable food production.
This is the end of this edition of Special English. To freshen up your memory, I'm going to read one of the news items again at normal speed. Please listen carefully.
This is the end of today's program. I'm Ryan Price in Beijing, and I hope you can join us every day, to learn English and learn about the world.



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