Guizhou in General
    2012-05-23 15:14:56         Web Editor: Qin Mei

Guizhou Province boasts its rich tourist resources with its appealing picturesque landscapes, primeval vegetation and diverse ethnic cultures. The fantastic karst natural scenery is characterized by amazing mountains, waters, and caves. Guizhou is home to 49 out of 56 ethnic groups in China, of whom 17 are indigenous, including Han, and other ethnic groups such as Miao, Dong, Buyi, Ge, Hui, Yao, and Shui inhabiting on this piece of land. Their customs and life styles are simple and elegant. These make up the unique natural scenery and the sight of human culture of the province as well.

Guizhou is home to 49 out of 56 ethnic groups in China, of whom 17 are indigenous, including Han, and other ethnic groups such as Miao, Dong, Buyi, Ge, Hui, Yao, and Shui inhabiting on this piece of land. [Photo:]

Guizhou¡¯s landscape can be grossly called the Guizhou Plateau and has relatively a high altitude, with an average elevation of more than 1,000 meters, and widely distributed with karst formation landscape. Most of the province belongs to subtropical and humid monsoon climate. Weather is mild neither cold in winter nor hot in summer.

Guizhou Province has some of the best tourism resources in China, or even in the world, earning it the name ¡°Oriental Switzerland.¡± More than 90 per cent of the province is covered by mountains, of which two-thirds are karst landscape, featuring waterfalls, caves, and canyons. The Huangguoshu Falls, located 140 kilometers southwest of Guiyang, has become a symbol of Guizhou. The scenic area consists of a dozen waterfalls, the tallest is 74 meters, and a number of huge water caves and ethnic villages of the Buyi and Miaos. Some virgin forests and ancient plant species, including some from the Jurassic (of, belonging to, or designating the time and deposits of the second period of the Mesozoic era, characterized by the existence of dinosaurs and the appearance of primitive mammals and birds) Age, have survived in this underdeveloped corner of China. It was also the place where the Red Army took a decisive turn from defeat to victory during its 12,500-kilometer Long March from 1934 to 1935.

Located in southwest of An Shun City in Guizhou Province, the Huangguoshu Scenic Spot includes more than ten aboveground and underground falls of different features. Among them Huangguoshu Waterfall is most famous. Huangguoshu Waterfall, the biggest one in China and one of the famous ones in the world, is about two hundred and thirty feet long and two hundred and sixty six feet wide. Its water rushes down to a pond named Xiniu Pond (Xiniu Tan) with thunderous roars which can be heard in five kilometers away. During the flood season, the water rolls down to Xiniu Tan like ten thousand horses galloping and shakes the ground and the hill. The breakers send up a fountain of spray adding more mystiques to this place. All these will make you profoundly affected. [Photo:]

Industrial sectors include mining, metallurgy, electric power, petrochemical, food, and cigarettes. There are 110 minerals found in the province. The mountainous forestry is one of China¡¯s important timber plantation zones. Beside, other economic forest products are also available such as raw lacquer, tung oil, gallnut and fungus. The western province has long been called ¡°sea of coal,¡± and its hydraulic resources are abundant.

Maotai, which is brewed in the province, is the first of China¡¯s distilled wines. The brand won its reputation worldwide in 1915 at a Panama Exposition. And ever since, Maotai has been listed together with Scotish Whiskey, French Cognac Brand and Russian Vodka at a Panama Expo. The company achieved exports of US$14 million in 2002.

With a mild and humid climate, the province is home to 1,000 animals and 3,800 plants in the wild. It has ancient ferns that were around during the time of the dinosaurs, and it houses the last tribe of 650 Guizhou Golden Monkeys that are more precious than the giant pandas. Agriculture, green food, pharmaceutical production with natural plants as raw materials, tourism and power generation will become pillar industries.

In Guizhou, state-level scenic spots have reached 18, accounting for 6.7 per cent of China¡¯s 177 state-level scenic spots. Guizhou is speeding up its development for tourism. Traffic and transportation have been greatly improved. Hotel facilities have been increased and updated.


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