Differences between NPC and CPPCC
   2013-03-01 04:27:04    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Liu Yuanhui

National People's Congress (NPC)

Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)

The National People's Congress (NPC) is the highest organ of State power with a Standing Committee as its permanent body. NPC and local people's congresses are responsible for creating and supervising administrative, judicial and procuratorial bodies at their respective levels.

The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) is a patriotic united front organization of the Chinese people, serving as a key mechanism for multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), and a major manifestation of socialist democracy.

The NPC Standing Committee supervises the work of the State Council, Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate.

The CPPCC is not granted the same or equivalent national rights as NPC by the Constitution and law. Unlike the NPC, the CPPCC has no legislature power.

The functions and powers of NPC: 1) Legislative Right. 2) Power of appointment and removal; 3) Right to supervise the work of state organs; 4) Right of decision concerning major issues in state affairs.

The main functions of the CPPCC are to conduct political consultation, exercise democratic supervision and participate in the discussion and the handling of state affairs.

The NPC can amend the Constitution and supervises its enforcement. It formulates and amends basic statutes and other laws. It also decides on and elects the leading personnel of State-level administrative, judicial, procuratorial and military bodies, has the right to recall them, and examines and makes decisions on fundamental, long-term and key issues affecting the nation.

CPPCC committees and members work according to the related regulation, negotiate the big issues, and take the supervision, which is carried out by means of suggestions and criticism on the enforcement of the state's Constitution, laws and regulations, the implementation of general principles and policies, and the performance of duties by state organs and their functionaries.



Deputies to county and township people's congresses are directly elected while deputies to people's congress above the county level are elected by deputies at lower levels.

First, candidates to the CPPCC National Committee are recommended by political parties, influential persons without party affiliation, mass organizations, ethnic groups and social sectors through negotiation. Then the candidate list is submitted to relevant organizations under the CPC Central Committee for deliberation. After that, the Standing Committee of the previous CPPCC National Committee approves new national committee members by simple majority, publishes the name list and issues certificates to new members.

The NPC exercises the state power of amending the Constitution and supervises the enforcement of the Constitution; enacts basic laws of the state; examines and approves the plan for national economic and social development and the report on its implementation; examines and approves the state budget and the report on its implementation; and makes decisions on other important issues in national life.


Political consultation covers major principles and policies proposed by the central and local governments and matters of major importance concerning political, economic, cultural and social affairs.



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