Amina Mohamed, deputy executive director of United Nations Environment Program speaks at the China Ecology Forum held in the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research of the Chinese Academy of Science on July 20, 2012 [Photo: CRIENGLISH.com]
With UN Environment Program senior officials and distinguished Chinese and international ecologists, a special forum was held in Beijing on Friday, discussing South-South cooperation and the challenges and opportunities of cooperation between China and Africa.
With the background of the recently finished United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, or Rio+20, which took place in Rio de Janeiro in June, and the just completed Fifth Ministerial Conference of the Forum on the China-Africa Cooperation in Beijing, this special session of the China Ecology Forum provided a platform for UN officials and distinguished scholars of sustainable development to exchange ideas and innovations in the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGSNRR).
Amina Mohamed, deputy executive director of United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) is attending the forum and stressed the need to promote the Green Economy, the task of expanding various forms of cooperation among developing countries and the increasing importance of China's involvement and contribution in South-South cooperation in her speech.
"We need to devise an avenue to make sure South-South cooperation contributes increasingly to poverty alleviation."
With the ever growing population and the concentration of poor people in developing states, Mohamed emphasized that the pressure of the increasing needs should be balanced with the pressure on the limited natural resources.
"We must ensure that activities in South-South cooperation improve, not degrade our ecosystems which are the foundation of our sustainability."
She said capacity-building is the prerequisite for promoting sustainable economies in developing countries. The collaboration of UNEP with the scientific communities, including six collaboration centers in developed countries and the International Ecosystem Management Partnership, or IEMP, with China is intended to close the technological gap between developed and developing countries and foster South-South collaboration.
Liu Yanhua, counselor of the State Council of China, a professor at the IGSNRR, and president of the Chinese Association of Geography illustrated the risks and challenges of the transitioning Chinese society and the urgent need for sustainable industrial development.
With the relative similarities of environmental backgrounds, economic levels, educations, social structures and stage of development among developing countries, he also encouraged the prospect of South-South cooperation, especially in areas such as indigenous technologies, small hydro-power projects, clean energy, small machinery, ecological farming and rural public health systems.
Other distinguished scholars such as Wang Yi from Institute of Policyand Management of the Chinese Academy of Science and Zhang Linxiu from the Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy of the Chinese Academy of Science also made speeches expressing their ideas regarding their specific fields regarding South-South ecological cooperation.
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