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Cultural Relics in Luoyang

2012-09-07 15:35:07     CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Duan

1. The imperial tombs lie in Mangshan Mountain, which is 50 kilometers long and 20 meters wide. Mangshan Mountain is in Mengjin County, Luoyang city, Henan Province. The cluster of tombs covers an area of 756 square kilometers that contains more than 970 large tombs and more than 10,000 ancient graves. Most Chinese emperors are buried in Mangshan Mountain, including eight imperial tombs from the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, five imperial tombs of the Eastern Han Dynasty, one from the Cao Wei Kingdom period, five from the Western Jin Dynasty, four from the Northern Wei Dynasty, and one from the Later Tang Dynasty.

2. College of the Eastern Han Dynasty
Introduction: Imperial College was the highest educational institute to teach Confucian classics in ancient China.
Category: Cultural relics
Ticket: Free
Address: Near Taixue village (also Dajiao village), Dianzhuang township, Yanshi city

3 Site of the Imperial City of the Zhou Dynasty
Introduction: The site of the Imperial City of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty lies north of Mangshan Mountain, south of Luohe River and near Luoyang Wangcheng Park. In 770 BC, Emperor Ping of the Zhou Dynasty moved the capital here, and it remained the dynasty's capital for 500 years and through 25 emperors. For nearly three centuries, the city was the political, economic, cultural and transportation hub of the Zhou Dynasty.
Category: Cultural relics
Ticket: Free
Address: Near Luoyang Wangcheng Park

4. Hangu Pass of the Han Dynasty
Introduction: Hangu Pass is one of the oldest passes in Chinese history. Located in a deep valley, the pass looks like an envelope, which is what "Hangu" means. It was the site of ancient battles and also the inspiration for "Tao Te Ching," a 5,000 word classic written by Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu. For 1.000 years, many Taoists from China and elsewhere have flocked to the pass on pilgrimages and for ancestor worship.
Category: Cultural relics
Ticket: Free
Address: Xin'an town, Luoyang

5 Hanjia Granary
Introduction: Hanjia Granary was one of the largest official granaries in the Sui and Tang dynasties. It is 600 meters wide and 700 meters long and covers an area of 420,000 square meters. Over 400 storage cellars lay orderly from east to west with a total capacity of 563,000 tons, accounting for half of the state grain reserves.
Category: Cultural relics
Ticket: Free
Address: North in the old areas of Luoyang city

The Hall of Brightness from the Tang Dynasty
Introduction: As the hall where Empress Wu of the Tang Dynasty (the only empress in Chinese history) ascended the throne, this is one of the five main ancient sites in Luoyang. The whole park has three ruins from different dynasties, the Hall of Great Cause from the Sui Dynasty, The Hall of Brightness from the Tang Dynasty and the Hall of Taichi from the Song Dynasty.
Category: Cultural relics
Ticket: Free
Address: Dingdingbeilu Road, old areas of Luoyang city

7. Lingtai Observatory from the Eastern Han Dynasty
Introduction: Lingtai Observatory was the state observatory of the Eastern Han Dynasty and also the largest one at that time, covering 44,000 square meters. It was built in 56 AD by Emperor Guangwu of the Eastern Han Dynasty and authorized by the imperial astronomer. It was used for over 1,900 years until the Western Jin Dynasty and was destroyed during a wartime.
Category: Cultural relics
Ticket: Free
Address: Between Dajiaozhai village and Gangshang village in Dianzhuang township, Yanshi town, Luoyang city

8 Changhe Gate of the Northern Wei Dynasty
Introduction: Changhe Gate, the front gate of the imperial palace in Luoyang city, was built in the early years of the Cao Wei Kingdom period and continued to be used into the Western Jin Dynasty. After the Northern Wei Dynasty moved the capital to Luoyang, it used the scale, location and design style of the Wei and Jin Dynasties when constructing its palace and gates and named the front gate Changhe.
Category: Cultural relics
Ticket: Free
Address: Southern tip of the imperial city of the Han and Wei Dynasties, 15 kilometers east of Luoyang city

9. Yingtian Gate Ruins
Introduction: Luoyang city was built in 605 AD by Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty and was the eastern capital for both Sui and Tang dynasties. The front gate of the south entrance to the imperial palace was named Yingtian Gate.
Category: Cultural relics
Ticket: Free
Address: Near Yutongjie Road, Luoyang

10. Site of Dingding Gate from the Sui and Tang dynasties
Introduction: Dingding Gate was called Jianguo Gate in the Sui Dynasty and renamed Dingding Gate in the Tang Dynasty. It was the front gate of the outer city of Luoyang and located on the axis line. In 605 AD Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty ordered Luoyang built and moved capital there in the following year. He was the first emperor to go through Dingding Gate. The gate served as the front gate of the outer city for 530 years and was the oldest, continually used gate in Chinese history.
Category: Cultural relics
Rating of the scenic spot: 3A
Ticket: 30 yuan

 

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