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Organization and Administration of the IOC
    2008-07-16 17:44:22     Beijing 2008
Organization: The Olympic Movement encompasses organisations, athletes and other persons who agree to be guided by the Olympic Charter

Mission of the International Olympic Committee: The International Olympic Committee is the supreme authority of the Olympic Movement. Its role is to promote top-level sport as well as sport for all in accordance with the Olympic Charter. It ensures the regular celebration of the Olympic Games and strongly encourages, by appropriate means, the promotion of women in sport, that of sports ethics and the protection of athletes.

The IOC is composed of a maximum of 115 co-opted members (however until 31 December 2003, the total number of IOC members may reach 130) who meet in Session at least once a year. The Session elects a President for a term of eight years, renewable once for four years, and Executive Board members for terms of four years.

By retaining all rights relating to the organisation, marketing, broadcasting and reproduction of the Olympic Games, the IOC ensures the continuity of a unique and universal event.

The Olympic Movement receives most of its funding from the Olympic Games rights bought by broadcast networks. However, it also benefits from the Olympic Partners world-wide sponsorship programme (TOP) comprising multinational companies.

Evolution of its structure: Following the corruption allegations made in December 1998 against the Bid Committee for the XIX Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake City in 2002, IOC President Samaranch immediately appointed a Commission to gather evidence. Six weeks later, the IOC published the results of its inquiry and recommended to the Session that the members involved be punished. The crisis resulted in four resignations, six expulsions and ten official warnings.

This crisis showed the IOC members how much they needed to modernise their institution. This was undertaken in a very short space of time, with radical decisions taken during 1999:

-- Procedure for electing candidate cities for 2006 amended and visits by IOC members to candidate cities abolished.

-- 15 active Olympic athletes, elected by their peers at the Olympic Games.

-- Creation of a Nominations Commission for IOC membership.

-- Mandate of IOC Members to last eight years, renewable through re-election.

-- IOC to have a maximum of 115 members.

-- Presidential mandate limited to eight years, renewable once for four years.

-- 15 members to come from IFs, 15 from the NOCs and 70 other as individual members.

-- Age limit lowered to 70.

-- Creation of the IOC Ethics Commission.

-- Creation of the World Anti-Doping Agency.

-- Greater financial transparency through the publication of financial reports on the sources and use of the Olympic Movement's income.

-- IOC Session opened to the media for the first time.

Administration: The International Olympic Committee is the supreme authority of the Olympic Movement

Structure: The administration of the IOC is placed under the responsibility of the Director General who, under the authority of the President, runs it with the assistance of the Directors; the latter are at the head of small units responsible for dealing with business in their respective sectors of competence (Olympic Games, International Cooperation and Development, Finance and Administration, Sports, Relations with the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), Technology, Communications, Information Management, Television and Marketing Services, Legal Affairs, Medical and Scientific, Olympic Museum and Olympic Solidarity).

Missions: The main assignments of the administration include: preparation, implementation and follow-up of decisions taken by the Session, the Executive Board and the President; preparation and follow-up of the work of all commissions; permanent liaison with the IFs, NOCs and OCOGs; coordination of the preparation for all Olympic Games; organisation and preparation of other Olympic events; circulation of information within the Olympic Movement; advice to candidate cities; relations with many international governmental and non-governmental organisations dealing with, in particular, sport, education and culture; liaison with Olympic Solidarity and the implementation of many other tasks of an ongoing or ad hoc nature assigned to it by the President and the Executive Board.



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What do you think will impress foreign visitors the most during the Beijing Olympics?
The friendliness of the Beijing people
The Water Cube and other Olympic venues
The Forbidden City
The Great Wall
Beijing "siheyuan" (Chinese traditional courtyard houses)
Peking Opera
Wangfujing Street
Beijing Roast Duck