Both China and India are the countries with ancient civilizations and they shared a friendly-exchange history of more than 2,000 years. In the early of the 1950s, the premiers of the two countries jointly advocated the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, which are regarded by international communities as a fine example in handling the relations between the countries. Despite that there were come conflicts between the two sides in the following years, they appeared for just a twinkling moment in the long friendship history of the two countries.
With the changes of international situation and foreign policy readjustments by the two countries, China and India resumed accrediting ambassadors to each other in 1976. The Sino-Indian relations entered into normalization. In the late of the 1980s, the relations between the two countries were increasingly improved and there were more and more exchanges. In the 1990s, the bilateral relations witnessed all-round development. Facts proved that so long as the two countries abide by the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence, view and handle their relations with a far-reaching sight, China and India would deepen the development of their constructive partnership in the 21st Century.
(On April 1, 1950, China and India officially established diplomatic relations. India's first ambassador to China S. K. M. Panikkar on May 20 presented credentials to Chairman Mao Zedong of the Chinese Central Government. Chairman Mao Zedong noted that the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and India would further develop and consolidate the existing friendship between peoples of the two countries, and meanwhile, the sincere cooperation between the peoples of the two large countries would benefit the enduring peace in Asia and the world.)
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