Beijing planning to build world's biggest subway
北京将建世界最大地铁系统
   2006-11-28 16:41:52       CRIENGLISH.com

Man sets Guinness rubber ball record

 

世界最大橡皮筋球

Beijing is planning to build the world's biggest subway and dramatically expand its bus network as part of efforts to combat the city's fast-increasing traffic grid-lock(1), state press has said.

The Chinese capital will expand its subway system to 273 kilometers (169 miles) by 2010 and to 561 kilometers by 2020, surpassing London as the city with the world's most extensive underground, the reports said.

The city's current metro rail system is 115 kilometers, with 54 kilometers of subway.

The city's newly approved five-year public transport plan will shift the focus from building roads for car use to constructing a high-speed public transport system to ease the growing grid-lock.

"When Beijing citizens are in the city center, we want them to be able to get to places faster by using public transport than by using a car," the report quoted Liu Xiaoming, vice head of the city's traffic department, as saying.

Besides completing five new rail lines by 2010, including an already announced light rail connecting the city center to the airport, Beijing will also build 300 kilometers of specialized(2) bus lanes, Liu said.

But by 2010, it is hoped that 40 percent or more of the city's daily commuting will be done on public transport, with up to six million passengers commuting by rail and over 13 million travelling by bus daily, it said.

Although Beijing currently only boasts two subway lines and two light rail tracks, three more underground lines are under construction and slated(3) to be completed by 2008 when the city hosts the        Olympic Games, the China Daily said.

Beijing's efforts to build public transport have greatly lagged(4) behind the city's construction of new highways, ring roads and widened streets to meet the demands of the 2.75 million cars currently plying city streets.

"Motorized vehicle use is growing rapidly and by 2010 it is estimated that there will be 3.5 million vehicles in the city," another city traffic official said.

"This will bring the city huge traffic pressures that cannot be alleviated(5) through the mere expansion and building of new roads."






1. grid-lock:栅格锁、在这里形容交通堵塞

2. specialized:专门的

 

国家媒体报道,为了缓解急速增长的交通堵塞,北京计划建设世界上最大的地铁并大幅度拓展公交系统。




报道称,到2010年北京地铁长度将达到273公里(169英里),到2020年将达到561公里,将超过伦敦成为世界上最大的地铁。



目前城市铁路系统总长115公里,地铁总长54公里。


最新通过的城市公共交通五年计划将建设重点从汽车用路转移到高速公共运输系统,以此缓解交通堵塞。




城市交通部门副主席刘小明说:“如果你从城市中心出发,我们要公交车比私家车更快到达目的地。”




刘说:除了在2010年要完成五条新铁路线,其中包括一条连接城市中心和机场的轻轨,北京还将增加300公里特定汽车路线。



到2010年,预计每天城市百分之四十以上的客流量将通过公共交通完成,也就是说600万乘客将乘坐铁路,超过1300万乘客乘坐公共汽车。



中国日报称,尽管北京目前只拥有2条地铁线路和2条轻轨,但是另外三条地下线路正在建设中,计划在2008年奥林匹克运动会前完工。




相对于为城市275万汽车建设的高速路、环路、和宽路来说,北京的公共交通建设大大落后。




另一位城市交通官员说:“机动车使用量急速增加,预计到2010年将达到350万辆。”



“这将为城市交通带来巨大压力,仅仅拓宽和增加马路已经无法缓解了。”


 

中国国际广播电台 译




3. slate:安排、指定

4. lag:迟缓、落后

5. alleviate:减轻、缓和痛苦



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