U.S. Mint to unveil presidential coins
美国发行总统纪念钱币
   2006-11-29 15:40:18       CRIENGLISH.com

Can George Washington and Thomas Jefferson succeed where Susan B. Anthony and Sacajawea failed? The U.S. Mint is hoping America's presidents will win acceptance, finally, for the maligned(被诽谤的)dollar coin.
 
The public will get the chance to decide starting in February when the first of the new coins, bearing the image of the first president, is introduced.

Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison are scheduled to grace(使优美)the coin in 2007, with a different president appearing every three months.

The series will honor four different presidents per year, in the order they served in office. Each president will appear on only one coin, except for Grover Cleveland, who will be on two because he was the only president to serve nonconsecutive(费连续的)terms. To be depicted(描画)on a coin, a president must have been dead for at least two years.

The idea of rotating(轮流)designs borrows from the highly successful 50-state quarter program(五十州纪念币发行计划). Since its launch in 1999, this program has featured five state designs each year in the order the state joined the union.

The quarter program has been widely successful, introducing millions of people to coin collecting for the first time. The Mint hopes the presidential program will enjoy similar success, in part because of the bold designs on the new coins.

Note:

美国50州纪念币

25美分纪念币正面50州纪念币(50 State Quarters)是由美国发行的一系列25美分纪念硬币。是在1997年12月1日经过克林顿总统签署的105-124法案通过后而成事实。始於1999年,至2008年結束,預計為期十年,即平均每年有五個州要发行代表各自每一个州的硬币,希望藉此讓年輕一代了解各州的人文歷史等傳統文化。
 
在计划期间,依各州加入美國聯邦之日期先後順序(從最早的特拉华,到最後的夏威夷,前後相差172年)每年每次間隔約10個星期,各推出一款(即以每两个半月的进度发行一款纪念币),一年共五款具各州歷史、地理或各式豐富國家資源特色的25美分銅鎳錢幣。每枚纪念币代表各个州独特的历史,传统和标志,由各个州的民眾设计圖案并由州政府选择。

每枚纪念币,重5.67公克、直徑24.3公分(0.955英吋),均以美國國父兼第一任總統——華盛頓的肖像作為正面圖案。背面圖案则各自彰显本州的地理特点、光荣历史和人物,由每个州经过全州设计比赛所诞生的图案,最后由各州的州长和美国财政部长审批后才定案。。



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