Legend has it that the mausoleum of Yellow Emperor is that [Xuan Yuan, founder of the Chinese nation.] stands at the top of Mt. Qiaoshan, north of the Huangling County.
Huang Di was a great tribal chief at the time towards the end of primitive society in China. He was honoured as the ancestor who had initiated Chinese civilization. He was attributed with the inventions of jade weapons, carts, boats, bows and arrows. Luo Zu, hiswife, was good at raising silkworms. Cang Jie, an imperial historian, created the Chinese pictograph. Da Rao, one of his officials,worked out the first "Heavenly Stem and Earthly Branch Calendar". Ling Lun, his official composer, developed musical instruments. All of these brilliant achievements put forth by HuangDi, were indispensable to the later success of China as one of theworld's four ancient civilized nations.
Huang Di's exploits went down in history also because he had punished the evil and wicked, and unified the Chinese nation for the first time. In that historical stage, the Chinese people laboured, lived and multiplied on the vast land around the Yellow River valley. Yan Di (Emperor Yan) and his people of the Qiang nationality inhabited the middle. Tai Gao and his Yi tribe lived in the east. Chi You and the Man people lived in the south, and Qiang, Dee and Rong tribes lived in the north and west. Huang Di and his tribe led a nomadic life then, in the west. Later they migrated south to the middle. In a battle launched by the Man nationality, led by Chi You, whose aim was to seize the middle area, Yah Di was defeated and turned to Huang Di for help. The combined forces defeated Chi You. At last, Huang Di unified these groups to become the first Chinese nation, after 52 battles.
Huang Di was said to have lived to the age of 118. One day on an inspection tour to Henan, Huang Di heard asudden crack of thunder from the sky, and a yellow dragon descended in front of him. The dragon said to Huang Di, "You have accomplished your mission. Now, please return to Heaven with me." Huang Di knew he was not in a position to run counter to God's will and could do nothing but mount the dragon and go with it. When flying over Mount Qiaoshan of Shaanxi, Huang Di asked the dragon to land so that he could appease his subjects. At the news, the people hurried over and wept bitterly. Having been urgedby the yellow dragon, Huang Di again mounted it. But the peoplegot tight hold of his clothes, trying to make him stay. However,the yellow dragon took him away. All that the people had left of him was his hat and his clothes, which they buried on MountQiaoshan in a tomb that was built for him. That was how the legend went, yet some people believe that Mount Qiaoshan is exactly where the great man's final resting place is.
The burial ground is about four square kilometres. It is surrounded by mountains and rivers, and is covered with lush forest. According to statistics, there are over 60,000 one-thousand-year-old cypresses there. As one nears the top he passes a stele with theinscription. "Both civil officials and military officers must demount from here."