Inner pictures of snuff bottle
2004-7-16 10:38:46     CRIENGLISH.com
In Yuan Dynasty, there already formed the custom of taking snuff in the area fo Meng and Zang nationality. In Wanli period of Ming Dynasty, a famous missionary brought Italian snuff into China, and the snuff began to be popular as presents. In Daoguang period of Qing Dynasty, inner Picture technology appeared, and during its developing course, there formed theree schools: Jing (Peking), Ji (Hebei), Lu (Shandong). Among three of them, the the school of Ji made great influence on the inner picture, especially in the fields of portrait paintings and copy famous anuent paintings. The inner picture has far-reaching conception, ingenious, layout, quietly elegant and rich color......, all these artistic features are fully embodied in the Babies Playing Picture and Hundred Boys Picture.

The inner Picture of snuff bottle art is unique, it only apper as in China, and it is the pocket work of art that gethering the cream of the national art. It got its name because the pictures are drew inside the white snuff bottle. The mouth of the palm-sized snuff bottle just as thick as the shaft of a pen. The artists stretch thespecially made hockpen into the snuff bottle, with the consummate drawing skills and sharp artistic feelings, they draw and write in reverse side. When people appreciate from the obverse side, it looks exquisite beyond compare. They wonder how the artists work in such a small space, and think it is the superlative craftmanship.

The inner picture of smuff bottle developed from taking snuff in Ming and Qing Dynasties. The custom of taking snuff was firstly originated from the Indian, the tobacco inventors. Tobacco can recover people from fatigue, brighten people's eyes, drive out illness, heal wounds after special processing. Taking snuff doesn't need kindling, just pick up it with finger and take in it with nose. Because it is single, it is the favorite fo the Indian, who perennial live on the horse back.

In Wang Li period of Ming Dynasty, the westerner brought snuff to China. In the period of Emperor Kangxi of Qing Dynasty, the snuff bottle began to be popular, and the inner picture of the snuff bottle was developed into an art. In 1960s, there are three schools: Jing school in Peking, Lu school in Shandong, Yaojiang school in Guangdong. The artists of Jing school draw with bamboo pen and willow-wood pen. Their works enjoy high reputation for appearances of classie beauty and in elegant taste. The artists of Lu school draw with soft hair writing brush, and their works win victory by delicate and grogeous appearances. Wang Xisan, the founder of Ji school, sought instructions from famous artists of Jing school at the age of 19. He adopted all advantages of every school and formed his special style, which was named Ji school in the international. Besides, on the initiative of Wang Xisan, the inner picture of Ji school in Hengshui became the most powerful one of the prisent-day inner picture teams. His works are highly skilled, and have a wide material, such as mountains and waters, characters and animals, flowers and plants, grass and insects, and other everying that one expects to find. No matter which kind of drawings, Wang Xisan always endeavor to do still better and does his best to reach accuracy and lifelikeness. So as to get a unity of the ture, the good and the beautuful.

In recent years, Wang Xisan made many innovations in industrial art. Besides inner picture, he dweloped outer picture, inner and outer picture. The range of drawing subjects were enlarged, and some scenic spots and historical sites were included. His works sold to five contiments and dozens of countries and areas and became the art treasures, and some collectors rushed to purehase. Wang Xisan became the leading authority of Chinese present-day inner picture art.

(http://www.china-window.com.cn/Hebei_w/msys/english/tcys/inner.html)
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