They are striving for at least one gold medal in the women's events, and top eight finishes for the men's.
These goals were revealed after the national short-course swimming championships in Shanghai last weekend.
Although over a dozen national records were broken at the tournament, Chinese swimming officials say the Olympic pool is going to be a hot place to compete,
Zhao Ge is head coach of the Chinese national team,
" Swimming powerhouses like Australia have put in a number of record-breaking performances recently, which means our Olympic hopes lie down a tough road ahead."
China failed to grab a gold medal at the Sydney Games.
Zhao Ge says Chinese swimmers are hopeful of winning gold in women's breaststroke, 200-meter freestyle and relay events.(Yang Binyuan)