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The Usages of 的 (de)
   2015-08-17 16:43:24    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Qin Mei

的 [de] is such a widely used auxiliary word. It appears everywhere in Chinese news articles, as well as in daily speech. Here are the rules for the most common uses of 的:

1. Possession
的 indicates possession.
For example:
我的(my), 他的(his), 她的(her), 他们的(their), 学校的(the school’s), 公司的(the company’s)

2. Creating nouns and noun phrases
的 can be attached to a variety of words or phrases, and the result will function as a noun, or a noun phrase.
For example:
这是我的。(attached to a pronoun)
This is mine.
我要红色的。(attached to an adjective)
I want the red one.
这台电脑是学校的。(attached to a noun)
This computer is the school’s.
今天来参加派对的都是美国人。(attached to a verb-object phrase)
The people who attended the party today were all Americans.
我说的是真的。(attached to the verb 说)
What I said is true.

3. Emphasis
是…..的 is a sentence structure which is used to express emphasis.
Examples for affirmative patterns:
我是昨天到上海的。(Emphasizing the time)
It was yesterday when I arrived in Shanghai.
我是坐地铁来公司的。(Emphasizing the way or manner)
It was by subway that I traveled to the company.
我和他是在酒吧上认识的。(Emphasizing the place)
It was in the bar that I met him.
是王先生开车送我回家的。(Emphasizing the person)
It was Mr. Wang who drove me home.

4. Asserting an affirmative tone
Putting 的 at the end of a statement can strengthen the affirmative tone.
Examples:
我知道这事儿的!
I know this!
你的梦想会实现的!
Your dream will come true!
别担心,他会好的。
No worries, he’s going be fine.

5. 什么的
什么的 is a fixed structure, placed after juxtaposed words or phrases, which means the same as ‘and so on’ or ‘etc’ in English.
For example:
她喜欢猫、狗、猪什么的。
She likes cats, dogs, pigs, and so on.
我们谈了电影,小说,音乐什么的。
We talked about movies, novels, music and so on.
周末,我喜欢看电视、上网、购物什么的。
During the weekend, I like watching TV, surfing the Internet, shopping etc.

(Source: italki.com)

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