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【时政】南京!南京!(附各国公祭日盘点)
   2014-12-15 10:41:40    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Han


12月13日,首个南京大屠杀死难者国家公祭日。

祭奠,铭记,不为仇恨,只为真相。


Chinese President Xi Jinping on Saturday attended the state ceremony for China's first National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims.


The state ceremony for Nanjing Massacre victims is held to rouse all peace-loving people to yearn for and work towards peace rather than to incite hatred. Chinese and Japanese people should keep their friendship from generation to generation, learn from history and look forward to a future where they can contribute towards peace for all mankind.


我们为南京大屠杀死难者举行公祭仪式,是要唤起每一个善良的人们对和平的向往和坚守,而不是要延续仇恨。中日两国人民应该世代友好下去,以史为鉴、面向未来,共同为人类和平作出贡献。


History will not tolerate anyone who wants to deny the fact of the Nanjing Massacre, nor will the 300,000 Nanjing Massacre victims, the 1.3 billion Chinese people, and all the peace-loving people in the world.


任何人要否认南京大屠杀惨案这一事实,历史不会答应,30万无辜死难者的亡灵不会答应,13亿中国人民不会答应,世界上一切爱好和平与正义的人民都不会答应。


Today's China has become a strong nation that is able to protect its citizens' peaceful life, and the days have long gone when the Chinese were trampled and suffered abuse from outside. The Chinese people are in high spirits and vigorously following the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and are striving to realize the two hundred-year goals and the Chinese dream of rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. China's development prospects are bright.


今天的中国,已经成为一个拥有保卫人民和平生活坚强能力的伟大国家,中华民族任人宰割、饱受欺凌的时代已经一去不复返了,中国人民正在意气风发地沿着中国特色社会主义道路,为实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦而奋斗。中华民族的发展前景无比光明。



On Feb 27, 2014, China's top legislature approved two new national days, namely the Victory Day of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims, to commemorate Nanjing Massacre victims and all those killed during Japanese aggression against China.


Victory Day: Sept 3 - the day after Japan officially surrendered in 1945


National Memorial Day: Dec 13 – the day Japan occupied Nanjing in 1937 and began a six-week massacre


国家公祭日
国家公祭日是一国为了纪念曾经发生过的重大民族灾难而设立的国家祭日。二战后,主要参站国政府纷纷设立国家级哀悼日,以国家公祭的形式来祭奠在战争中死难的国民,增强现代人对国家遭受战争灾难历史的历史,目前已成为国际惯例。


Almost all countries have experienced wars and have lost citizens in those conflicts. And many countries have a day set aside to pay tribute to the dead. It serves to help people to not forget their history and also is a solemn reminder of the scourges of war.


Let's explore how countries across the world observe their memorial days.

Worldwide

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

Jan. 27


International Holocaust Remembrance Day is an international memorial day for the victims of the Holocaust. The Holocaust is the genocide that resulted in the systematic annihilation of six million European Jews and the murders of millions of others by the Nazi regime.


USA

National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day (Or Pearl Harbor Day)

Dec 7


National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day is to remember and honor all those who died in the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.


It is a tradition to fly the flag of the United States at half-staff until sunset in honor of dead patriots. Some organizations hold special events in memory of those killed or injured at Pearl Harbor.


Israel

Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day)

27 Nisan (April/May)


It is observed as Israel's day of commemoration for the approximately six million Jews killed by Nazi Germany and its allies during the Holocaust and to honor those involved in the Jewish resistance in that period.


On Yom HaShoah, ceremonies and services are held at schools, military bases and by other public and community organizations. On the eve of Yom HaShoah and the day itself, places of public entertainment are closed by law. Israeli television airs Holocaust documentaries and Holocaust-related talk shows, and low-key songs are played on the radio. Flags on public buildings are flown at half mast.


Russia

Victory Day

May 9


It marks the capitulation of Nazi Germany to the Soviet Union in the Second World War (also known as the Great Patriotic War in the Soviet Union). The Victory Day parade, the annual Red Square military parade, is held to commemorate the defeat of Nazi Germany.


(sources:国际在线、China Daily)


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