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8 Things You Need to Know about Ebola
   2014-08-04 20:05:14    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Min

What is Ebola?

Ebola virus is the cause of a viral hemorrhagic fever disease.

Ebola hemorrhagic fever is caused by four of five viruses classified in family Filoviridae. These four viruses are:

Bundibugyo virus (BDBV) 

Ebola virus (EBOV); Sudan virus (SUDV) 

Tai Forest virus (TAFV)                                                                                                          File photo of the Ebola virus [Photo: baidu]

The fifth virus, Reston virus (RESTV), is not thought to be disease-causing in humans.

 

Where dose Ebola outbreak?

The current Ebola outbreak is centered on three countries in West Africa: Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone,

although there is the potential for further spread to neighboring African countries.

Ebola does not pose a significant risk to the Chinese public.

 

Outbreak Update:  

Ebola Now a Global Emergency    2014.8.8

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared on Friday that the Ebola outbreak raging in West Africa constitutes an international public health emergency.

Liberia Set up Blockades to Tackle Ebola   2014.8.8

No Ebola Case Found in China   2014.8.7

A Hong Kong woman travelling from Kenya was suspected of catching the virus late last month. But her test result showed negative later.

Shanghai Dismisses Rumour over Ebola Case   2014.8.7

China to Provide Ebola Relief for West Africa   2014.8.7

China will provide relief worth of 30 million yuan (4.9 million U.S. dollars) to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea as an outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus sweeps West Africa.

Liberian President Declares State of Emergency over Ebola Outbreak  2014.8.7

Southern African Health Ministers Meet to Discuss Ebola Response 2014.8.7

Liberia's Ebola Death Toll Rises to 268  2014.8.6

The Ebola virus has killed 268 people in Liberia including 37 healthcare workers. Altogether 1603 infections and 887 deaths have been recorded in the Ebola hit countries of Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone, the World Health Organization said on Aug 4.

Nigeria Screening Air Passengers for Ebola Virus  2014.8.6

Second American with Ebola back in U.S. for Treatment   2014.8.6

China Strengthens Customs Checks against Ebola  2014.8.5

Authorities in China have ordered strengthened customs inspections to prevent the deadly Ebola virus from entering the country.

Patient in NYC Tested for Possible Ebola Virus   2014.8.5

Southern African Nations to Hold Ebola Talks    2014.8.5

Southern African nations plan to hold talks on how best to respond to Ebola if it broke out in the region, the Zambia Daily Mail reported.

American Doctor with Ebola Back in U.S. for Treatment  2014.8.3

WHO Calls for Increased Action on Ebola  2014.8.2

Two Americans with Ebola to be Evacuated from West Africa  2014.8.2

Chinese Medical Team Stays in Liberia to Fight Ebola  2014.8.2

Chinese Medical Team under Ebola Quarantine  2014.8.1   

S. China City on Guard for Ebola  2014.8.1

[Photo: CRIENGLISH.com]

 

How is Ebola transmitted?

You can only get Ebola from touching bodily fluids of a person who is sick with or has died from Ebola, or from exposure to contaminated objects, such as needles.

Ebola is not a respiratory disease like the flu, so it is not transmitted through the air. 

Ebola is not a food-borne illness. It is not a water-borne illness.

                                                                              [Photo: cdc.gov]

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms include:

fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and abnormal bleeding.

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to ebolavirus though 8-10 days is most common. 

What happens if one is infected?

Ebola generally starts with flu-like symptoms. Though it's known for the extreme hemorrhagic symptoms -- the bleeding out of the eyes, etc. -- not everyone will experience these.

-Exposure- Symptoms typically begin 4-9 days after the exposure.                                                                           [Photo: wikipedia]

-Course of Illness- Usually lasts between 6-10 days. 

According to World Health Organization by 18 June, the fatality rate of the Ebola outbreak is about 64% .  

[Photo: CRIENGLISH.com]

What is the treatment?

No specific treatment exists. Standard treatment for Ebola HF is still limited to supportive therapy.

This consists of:  -Balancing the patient's fluids and electrolytes

                           -Maintaining their oxygen status and blood pressure

                           -Treating them for any complicating infections

How to prevent Ebola?

The prevention presents many challenges. Because it is still unknown how exactly people are infected with it, here are some measures we can do:

Behavioral Changes: wearing protective clothing and hand washing

Quarantine: enforced isolate those infected with Ebola and those who may be exposed to.

Cremation: prevent exposure to virus carried in the blood and other body fluids.

                    It is also suggested to cremate their personal belongs for infection control.

 

A Chinese medical team is under Ebola quarantine

A Chinese medical team is currently under quarantine in Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone after treating an Ebola patient.

So far, no Chinese medical staffer has been found to be infected by the virus.

Related News:

Chinese Medical Team Stays in Liberia to Fight Ebola  2014.8.2

Chinese Medical Team under Ebola Quarantine  2014.8.1

[Photo: weibo.com]

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